ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by Ligia NoronhaSubscribe to Ligia Noronha

Resource Federalism in India: The Case of Minerals

While natural resources are spatially located, their development is of a wider national interest. Gains from their development accrue to a large common market though the process affects local lives and environments. The distribution of powers and functions across levels of government and the way they play out determine the effectiveness with which various policy goals are met. The need to examine these becomes important given the increased demands from resource-bearing states for a more "fair" distribution of resource rents in buoyant commodity markets, and from local people in resource regions for greater recognition of their rights and compensation for the effects of resource development. This paper examines the federal structure in India in the context of minerals, and suggests ways in which this can be strengthened through expanding the space and institutional capacity for local governance and by improving compensation and the sharing of resource revenues.

Assessing Quality of Life in a Mining Region

This paper reports on an exploratory exercise to assess quality of life (QOL) in a mining region. The question is: does mining influence the QOL of the local people? The study, conducted using a QOL tool, suggests that while there is a difference in objective conditions between mining and non-mining regions, there is no statistically significant difference in satisfaction levels between the two, except for the environmental domain. This is especially important in the case of women, who report higher satisfaction levels but overall have a lower access to resources.
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