ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Unmet Need for Family Planning in Gujarat-A Qualitative Exploration

Over the last decade there has been a growing interest in estimating women's unmet need for contraceptive services. This paper briefly reviews the National Family Health Survey estimates of unmet need to describe a macro perspective for discussing the findings based on focus group discussions with women in two districts of Gujarat. It draws attention to the issues and considerations which go into the calculations of women with respect to unmet need which are rarely captured in large-scale surveys.

Demographic Transition-Accelerating Fertility Decline in 1980s

Accelerating Fertility Decline in 1980s Pravin Visaria Leela Visaria Recent population data suggest that there has been a clear decline infertility almost throughout the country together with a continuing decline in mortality rates. This article highlights interesting developments in the Indian demographic scene in the last two decades focusing on changes in processes relevant to demographic transition, particularly fertility decline.

Infant Mortality in India-Level, Trends and Determinants

Level, Trends and Determinants Leela Visaria This paper aims at a critical review of the available data on the level of and trends in infant mortality and of the associated differentials during the last quarter of a century. An attempt is made to identify the gaps in our existing studies where future research efforts may be oriented.

Infant Mortality in India-Level, Trends and Determinants

This paper aims at a critical review of the available data on the level of and trends in infant mortality and of the associated differentials during the last quarter of a century. An attempt is made to identify the gaps in our existing studies where future research efforts may be oriented.

Infant Mortality in India-Level, Trends and Determinants

Infant Mortality in India Level, Trends and Determinants Leela Visaria This paper aims at a critical review of the available data on the level of and trends in infant mortality and of the associated differentials during the last quarter of a century. An attempt is made to identify the gaps in our existing studies where future research efforts may be oriented.

Sociology of Bride-Price and Dowry

Sociology of Bride-Price and Dowry Shalini Randeria Leela Visaria THIS article is provoked by Indira Rajaraman's article on the 'Economics of Bride-Price and Dowry', which appeared in these columns, and by the discussion which followed it (February 19, April 9. June 4, Sepember 3-10 and November 19, 1983). Neither Rajaiaman, who seeks to build an economic model of the presumed switch of "entire endogamous groups from a bride-price to a dowry system" (our italics), nor her critics provide any empirical data in support of their generalisations. On the basis of our data from north Gujarat. we have serious doubts about Rajaraman's premise that entire sub-castes had a bride- price system in the past, and have given it up in favour of a dowry system now Our interpretation of the census and the NSS data seems to invalidate her other premise that there has been a significant decline in female participation in the labour force. We also fail to see the causal relationship between these two premises as is sought to be established in Rajaraman's model First, we attempt to understand the terms 'bride-price' and 'dowry' which have been left undefined by all contributors to the discussion so far. We then turn to our own field work data on the scheduled castes of North Gujarat (We feel free to do so, because Rajaraman's model is neither region nor caste-specific .) Finally we look at the labour force data from the censuses as well as the National Sample Surveys and try to assess whether there has been any significant change in female participation in the labour force. In our view, the observed decline is an artifact to the definitional changes in the concept of work, which make the 1961, 1971 and 1981 census data non- comparable.

CAPITAL VIEW

Unions in Bengal, 1920-1924 Sonat Bose Barring a few exceptions, in most cases the labour movement in Bengal spontaneously emerged as an inevitable manifestation of class struggle, a phenomenon about which the political leaders participate ing in the labour movement did not have a clear idea.

Demographic Transition among Parsis 1881-1971-Ill

', Cambridge University 14 See "Majority Report of the Sub- Division of Estates (Committee", Government Printer. Kuala Lumpur, 16 Report and Statement of Accounts for the Year 1965 of the National Land Finance Co-oprrative Society, Kuala Lumpur, 1906, p 10.

Demographic Transition among Parsis 1881-1971- I

Demographic Transition among Parsis: Leela Visaria The Parsis have been a remarkable exception in the general Indian demographic scene: Their fertility and mortality levels have steadily declined over the past century. In fact, their fertility is so low that despite high life expectancy, the number of Parsis has been declining for more than two decades now.

The Harijans Worsening Plight

The Harijans' Worsening Plight Leela Visaria THIS is the first book in the series of empirical studies, planned by the Madras Institute of Development Studies,, to enhance understanding of the "urgent problems faced by the Government and people of the State". The study k intended to assist the concerned departments of the Government in strengthening and/or reorienting their programmes for the development of the Harijan community. Since the information collected by the Censuses on the scheduled castes and tribes pertains only to the basic demographic and economic characteristics, an empirical study of the Harijans, which goes beyond the Census, is likely to arouse interest among social scientists as well.

Unfulfilled Task

Unfulfilled Task Leela Visaria Indian Census in Perspective by S C Srivastava, Census Centenary Monograph No 1, Office of the Registrar General, New Delhi, 1972;

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