ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Female Labour in the Unorganised Sector-Profile of a Brick Worker

production before and after the expansion. This obviously cannot be done because the extent of capacity utilisation cannot be predicted without error. The next best course would have been to compare the percentages of total capacity of the products concerned. This too cannot be done because of lack of data, The latest issue of the Annual Report of DGTD, the usual source for such information, appeared in 1976 giving data for 1974 and 1975. Most of the companies, however, have been expanding after that.

Profile of a Female Agricultural Labourer

Leela Gulati Who are the working women of India? What is the value of their labour? This article attempts to answer these broad questions concerning female labour in India by presenting an individual profile; 'Kalyani, a 35-year old female agricultural labourer belonging to the scheduled caste, living in a squatter settlement in Trivandrum.

Rationing in a Peri-Urban Community-Case Study of a Squatter Habitat

 once it is perceived that a rational wage policy cannot be visualised when there are groups of people who continue to receive large incomes without doing any work or only do work which does -not require such large incomes to be paid, we are implicitly arguing for a society where property is abolished. Once we have done that, however, the point of arguing for a wage policy with a mixed economy as the frame of reference is lost, unless, or course, it is believed that one can still argue for control of incomes without abolishing property; that without upsetting the basic institutional framework of a mixed economy, it is possible to implement a rational wage policy. For, Das Gupta has attempted to arrive at a national wage policy not with a socialist economy but with an India-type mixed economy as his frame of reference. Perhaps, several comments are in order. First, it may be argued that the whole exercise is still worthwhile even if one is pessimistic about the possi- KERALA state is comprehensively covered by, what is called, a system of informal rationing.* Informal rationing is distinguished from statutory rationing by the fact that, under the former system, a free market can legally operate for the commodities covered. Practically every household in the state, rural or urban, holds a ration card and is entitled to buy the rationed items at controlled prices. Only for the rice ration are some households

Age of Marriage of Women and Population Growth-The Kerala Experience

Population Growth The Kerala Experience Leela Gulati In Kerala increase in the age of marriage by itself did not bring down the number of children a woman had. It was the reduction in infant mortality, due partly to the shift in the age of marriage but largely to improvement in medical and public health facilities, which improved the child survival rate and this in turn seems to have influenced the number of children a woman wanted to have.

Unemployment Among Female Agricultural Labourers

Labourers Leela Gulati Recent estimates of unemployment have shown that the burden of unemployment is higher on working women in both the absolute as well as relative sense.

Occupational Distribution of Working Women-An Inter-State Comparison

Occupational Distribution of Working Women An Inter-State Comparison Leela Gulati This paper attempts an inter-state analysis of the occupational distribution of women on the basis of information from the 1971 Census. The author then goes back to the 1961 Census to analyse women's participation in work as secondary activity to their household domestic duties. The major findings of the paper are : (i) going by the 1971 Census definition of workers,-which excludes all secondary work participation, while not even one out of every five working men is an agricultural labourer, almost half of the working women are engaged as agricultural labourers; (ii) of the women who participate in work only as secondary activity, almost nine out of every ten are engaged in cultivation with much of the rest accounted for by other work, which includes household industry; (Hi) the proportion of women engaged in work as secondary activity is as high as that of women engaged in work as main activity; ,, , .

Female Work Participation-A Reply

August 9, 1975 Female Work Participation A Reply Leela Gulati IN his comment1 on my paper,2 J N Sinha has made a number of critical observations. Before summing up his criticism I shall briefly summarise what I attempted to do in my paper. It was largely an attempt to explore to what extent, if any, some of the major economic and demographic factors explained inter-state disparities in work participation by Indian women. The major conclusion of my paper was that inter-state differences in female participation rates, as revealed by the 1971 Census, are not possible to explain in terms of (i) disparities in per capita income; (ii) the cropping pattern; (iii) disparate levels of literacy; (iv) dissimilarities in rates of male participation (again for 1971); (v) varying proportion of scheduled caste and scheduled tribe population, or (vi) differing sex ratio. I must emphasise that this conclusion related to inter-state disparities in female work participation; the only disaggregation I had allowed myself to make was that between rural and urban rates, I shall now attempt first to sum up Sinha's criticisms and then to answer them one by one.

Female Work Participation-A Study of Inter-State Differences

January 11, 1975 The University of California Press. Jarvie, I C (1970) "Movies and Society" New York; Basic Books. Kalaichelvan [ed] (1967) "MGR Ponrno- zhigal" ("Golden Words of MGR") Madras: Tamil Nilayam. Lerner, Daniel (1958) "The Passing of Traditional Society''. Glencoe, Illinois; Free Press. Leslie, Charles (ed) (1973) "Asian Films and Popular Cultures". Hong Kong ; Beamur International Limited. Nehru, Jawaharlal (1955) Inauguration speech of the Sangeet Natak Aka- dami Film Seminar, in R M Ray |edj "Film Seminar Report: 1955''. New Delhi: Sangeet Natak Aka- dami.


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