ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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The Added Years

While ageing of the population represents demographic achievements in lowering birth and death rates, it also poses challenges in care of the elderly. The experience of Kerala is instructive for the rest of India as Kerala is a few years ahead on the demographic path. This article analyses data on ageing, gender differentials in ageing and widowhood.

Asian Women in International Migration-With Special Reference to Domestic Work and Entertainment

With Special Reference to Domestic Work and Entertainment Leela Gulati In recent times, the gender composition of migration flows has undergone a significant change, with women making up increasing proportions of total migration. More significant is the skill composition of these migrants the dominant groups are not qualified professionals, but domestic workers and entertainers.

Female Labour in the Unorganised Sector-The Brick Worker Revisited

The Brick Worker Revisited Leela Gulati Mitu Gulati Revisiting Jayamma, the brick worker, after 20 years raises interesting questions about the way competitive markets are supposed to work and the assumption of rationality in economic (and social) behaviour, WE'VE known Jayamma for over 20 years now. We first got to know her when one of us was studying the lives of poor women in the brick industry [Gulati 1980]. Many years after the first project, we were examining the problems of poor widows [Gulati and Gulati 1993], and went to speak with Jayamma again. This time we were collecting data for an empirical study, and hadn't intended to do any case studies. As we were writing our article, with its broad generalisations about the problems the widows, based on 30 to 60 minute interviews with dozens of them, it struck us that Jayamma's life story had a different insight to provide from these short interviews that focused on widowhood alone. An insight that indicated the problems of widowhood were often ones that stemmed from problems that arose much before widowhood.

Social Security for Widows-Experience in Kerala

In practically all the states there have been in existence schemes addressing the destitute old and widows since the early 1960s. During the 1980s several states extended social security arrangements to physically and mentally handicapped persons and to agricultural workers, Kerala is one of these states. This paper discusses these schemes in Kerala from the standpoint of the social security they provide to widows in the state.

Dimensions of Female Aging and Widowhood-Insights from Kerala Experience

Insights from Kerala Experience Leela Gulati With the process of aging considerably more advanced in Kerala, it is there that the problems aging poses, including those linked specifically to the preponderance of women among the aged and the incidence of widowhood, will have to be faced first. But with the rest of the country likely to catch up in due course, the experience and insights gained in Kerala in grappling with these problems could be very useful. The problems connected with aging which Kerala currently faces have, therefore, to be tackled as national problems and solutions thought of nationally.

Agricultural Workers Pension in Kerala-An Experiment in Social Assistance

An Experiment in Social Assistance Leela Gulati Against the background of the demographic trend in Kerala and its impact on the age structure of the state's population, this paper examines the principal features of the pension scheme for agricultural workers in Kerala, the first Indian state to experiment with such a scheme. The author discusses, among other things, the impact of the scheme on an agricultural worker household and the future of the scheme in the light of the likely changes in the population's age structure.

Coping with Male Migration

Leela Gulati Based on a study of thirty-seven households from villages on the outskirts of Trivandrum from which migrant workers have gone to the Middle East, this paper assesses the socio-economic impact of male migration on those members of the households, especially women, who are left behind.

Technological Change and Women s Work Participation and Demographic Behaviour-A case Study of Three Fishing Villages

Participation and Demographic Behaviour A case Study of Three Fishing Villages Leela Gulati This paper describes and evaluates the technological change to which three fishing villages in Kerala have been exposed and its impact on women from fishing households. Specifically, the author discusses the change in work participation of women from fishing households and, having noted that the change in women's work participation has been both quantitatively and qualitatively remarkable, proceeds to ask what, if any, change has taken place in the women's demographic behaviour.

Male Migration to Middle East and the Impact on the Family-Some Evidence from Kerala

Male Migration to Middle East and the Impact on the Family Some Evidence from Kerala Leela Gulati This paper is divided into two parts. Part I gives a brief background of the extent and pattern of recent migration to the Middle East from India as a whole and from the State of Kerala in particular. In Part II, the paper goes on to discuss the impact of this migration, male dominated as it has been, on the family as such. The paper concludes with some general observations.

Family Planning in a Semi-Rural Squatter Settlement in Kerala-Marked Preference for Female Sterilisation

Family Planning in a Semi-Rural Squatter Settlement in Kerala Marked Preference for Female Sterilisation Leela Gulati This paper reports the results of a study, undertaken in 1977-78, of the impact of the family planning programme on a small squatter settlement in a village on the outer fringes of Trivandrum city, More particularly, the purpose is to explore what type of sterilisation is most acceptable among very low-income households and why.

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