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Non-Brahmin Movements in Princely Mysore

January 4, 1986 throws light on the role played by Ayatullah Khomeini So much has been written on this that it is very difficult to come out with new facts. Nevertheless, the author has done his best to narrate the developments in Iran as objectively as 'possible. As pointed out earlier, there is more of narration than analysis. In the next chapter he has given a breif interview which he had had with the Ayatullah through his confidant Sadegh Tabatabai. But there is nothing very revealing in the statements made by Khomeini. Khomeini's emphasis, at least in theory, has been on the tight against injustice and oppression and hence in reply to one of the questions he says, The Soviet Union also pursues cultural interests, for during the 60s it was always sail! that anyone fighting against oppression and for justice, anywhere in the world, should use Marxist ideology, because it is the only ideology of revolution against capitalism. It S CHANDRASEKHAR is one of the few analysts from Karnataka to attempt a full length study of the political and social development in the erstwhile princely state of Mysore. This subject is both fascinating and important but as happens so often the more important contributions are all from foreign scholars: Bjorn Hettne, James Manor, Lelah Dushkin, to name but three.

KARNATAKA-Assembly Election Portents

KARNATAKA Assembly Election Portents Lalitha Natraj THE date for the Karnataka assembly elections has been fixed for March 5, The future of the Janata party in the state hinges on its performance in these elections. The Lok Sabha elections have produced an all-India wave in favour of the Congress(I) although there are significant exceptions. In Karnataka the Janata party appeared confident of winning ten seats but ultimately ended up with four. In relation to expectations the party had, this seems rather a come down. But in fact this has to be seen against a particular background. In the 1980 elections Janata managed only one seat, Bangalore South ov a margin of just over 2,000 votes. In 1977 it could manage just two. In 1980 Janata received barely 23 per cent of the votes, whereas in the recent elections it has secured nearly 42 per cent. Considering the all-India pattern these should be regarded as impressive gains. There is more to this. Of the pitifully small representation of ten seats for the Janata in the Lok Sabha, Karnataka has contributed four. While ten seats in Parliament hardly justifies for the Janata the nomenclature of a national party the fact that Karnataka, traditionally a Con- gress(I) stronghold, has contributed four out of this ten is significant. Yet another point of interest is that the Janata has recorded an increase in the popular vote even in comparison with the 1983 elections to the state assembly.

KARNATAKA-Calling the Dalit Elite to Account

witnessed a somewhat unusual protest organised by Dalit Sangarsh Samiti (DSS). The protest was against the inaction and silence of Dalit legislators, members of parliament and ministers in the face of growing atrocities against Harijans. The Samiti's representatives called upon members and sympathisers to demonstrate against the indifference of their own leaders. The pamphlet issued on the occasion explicitly singled out Dalit MPs, ministers etc, fox trenchant criticism and focused on the fact that Dalits in power had got there by virtue of using their Dalit status and had subsequently become an integral part of the establishment. The DSS demanded that Dalit ministers, MPs and legislators should boycott parliament and state legislators until those responsible for atrocities against Dalits were suitably punished; and that they should offer dharna before Parlia- meant and legislatures until all firearms and other weapons currently with the landowners were seized and Dalits armed for self-protection. The Samiti also declared that if the legislators and ministers did not comply with the demands the Samiti would be compelled to press for their resignation through strikes, etc.

KARNATAKA-Of Felicitations and Agitations

Of Felicitations and Agitations Lalitha Natraj GUNDU RAO's completion of a year in office has not gone unnoticed. There have been felicitations galore for the chief minister and special poojas have been offered in temples. It has been an eventful year in several ways for the Chief Minister. Since assuming office after his party swept the polls in the 1980 parliamentary elections, he has waged almost continual battle with a senior colleague, S Bangarappa (who has resigned from the cabinet but continues as PCC president). He has had to face at least two important agitations

KARNATAKA- Farmers Agitation

November 22, 1980 KARNATAKA Farmers' Agitation Lalitha Natraj THE farmers of Karnataka provided a big surprise for everyone, and a jolt to Gundu Rao's government by launching an agitation a few months ago, In a state not known for overt agrarian unrest this is indeed a remarkable deve- lopment Perhaps the only comparable agitation of fanners in the past was in the early fifties in the Shimoga district when the socialists spearheaded a farmers' agitation. Popularly called the Kagodu Raitara Satyagraha it ended, as most such uprisings unfortunately do, mainly due to internal dissensions. There has been no other major demonstration of bitterness by fanners, certainly not on an organised scale and the state has also not witnessed the kind of landlord- peasant struggle-, in however sporadic a form, as several other states have.

KARNATAKA- Politics of Land Tribunals

 assembly elections. The budget has not turned out to be any integrated effort to grapple with problems; nor is it a harsh budget which will create problems with the ruling party's populist base. On the contrary, it is being advertised as a soft budget, full of reliefs for the people. This line of publicity tor the budget might well have been convenient for the ruling party's elec tion campaign. The only reason for the postponement which some allege is that the state assembly elections, more than the earlier return to power of Indira Gandhi at the Centre, was expected to clear the lines of alignment and make explicit the power balance within the riding party and this was considered necessary to lay the ground rules for the budget-makers.
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