ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by Lakshmi LingamSubscribe to Lakshmi Lingam

S Parasuraman (1952–2022)

S Parasuraman, with his interdisciplinary educational background and vast experience in the development sector, contributed to institution building. He will be remembered for revamping the Tata Institute of Social Sciences to meet the challenges of the future.

Rape and Medical Evidence Gathering Systems

Extensive reforms are required so that sexually assaulted women do not feel they are the "accused" when they submit themselves for medical examination and trial. Urgent reforms such as setting up humane rape crisis centres where women can directly approach women counsellors to tell their story, lodge a complaint, and get examinations done at one place are required to improve the situation.

Reproductive Rights and Exclusionary Wrongs: Maternity Benefits

Women contribute to the economy with their unpaid labour as well as social reproduction work but maternity protection in India is sector-specific and employer-employee centric. It thus leaves out the large majority of women in the unorganised sector. A new scheme such as the Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana which is being piloted in 52 districts implicitly recognises the need to compensate for wage loss due to maternity and provide support for the mother and child's nutrition. However, a series of exclusionary clauses mar the objectives of the scheme. This paper attempts to demonstrate the misguided "targeting" of this scheme. The Planning Commission is preparing to scale it up at the national level in the Twelfth Plan, perhaps with the same set of incentives and disincentives as are currently spelt out in the pilot phase document. The data clearly shows that if these exclusionary clauses remain they will "victimise the victim".

Gender, Households and Poverty

A critical review of selected literature emerging from the African, Latin American, Caribbean and Asian countries that have adopted structural adjustment programmes throws light on the multidimensionality of effects at the household level and the cumulative gender implications. Major areas of concern revolve around examining household survival strategies as ways of coping with these impacts at the household level. This paper attempts to capture significant areas of concern that emerge from the literature around (a) women's work, poverty and structural adjustment; (b) household survival strategies; and (c) growing orthodoxy and the extant critique around gender, poverty, household headship and household survival strategies. The paper pulls together our understanding of gender and gender relations that the research seems to be cumulatively indicating.

Women-Headed Households-Coping with Caste, Class and Gender Hierarchies

Though marital dissolution like death of spouse, divorce, separation or desertion are the most common reasons why women become heads ofhousehotds, there is growing evidence that other causes such as changes in traditional occupational base, agricultural practices, tandholding patterns and patron-client relationships along with population growth contribute to the growing numbers of women-headed households.

Women, Population and Development Question

Development Question The relationship between population and development, with a special focus on women

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