ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Putting Panchayats in Charge

While the standing committee of the ministry of rural development has done a noteworthy job with its recommendations on the employment guarantee bill, the panchayats must be given a greater role than now visualised and work under the scheme must be part of a village area plan as outlined in the 73rd amendment to the Constitution

Unbundling of the State

Persuasive empirical evidence is becoming available for what decentralisation can do for India, especially to universalise elementary education, which formidable centralisation failed to accomplish within the one decade mandated by the Constitution. Even five decades later we have not been able to universalise primary education to our children. The failure lies so much not in centralisation as in over-centralisation.

Turnaround in Industrial Growth-Hasty Claims for Liberalisation

Hasty Claims for Liberalisation L C Jain Export pessimism, obsession with import-substitution, a misplaced concern with the promotion of the small- scale sector and industrial dispersal

Drought, PDS and Co-operatives

L C Jain There is literally no public participation in the working of the public distribution system (PDS) network, even in an advisory capacity. The village population for whom certain essential consumer items are despatched, is kept in the dark about the items, their quantities, quality and price. The administration feels uneasy with what it regards as a meddlesome public.

OBITUARY-Kamaladevi

reality is that a large number of these "distributed' and 'settled' holdings continue to be illegally occupied by the landlords. In fact, a senior official of the district ad- ministration, Jehanabad, disclosed that the administration itself has a complete list of around 70 villages where illegal capture by landlords of 'settled' gairmazarua land continues even today, despite the fact that title deeds have been distributed among the landless. Here are some cases from Arwal block of the district.

Monitoring Public Investment-A Creative Initiative

Monitoring Public Investment A Creative Initiative THANKS to Kamarajnagar, public sector policy is again in the headlines. Given ihe peaks and slopes of our social stratification on the one hand and the choice of mixed economy on the other, a continual and conflicting discussion about the place of public sector in our development design is unavoidable and indeed necessary. But after 40 years of ground experience, it is by no means sufficient to talk merely of policy. The discussion must be informed by a dispassionate account of the performance of major projects/investments.

Union Budget 1988-89-Unparalleled Complacency

Unparalleled Complacency L C Jain The budget for 1988-89 is not only devoid of fertile ideas but is also knowledge-proof and holds little hope for steering the economy. Drought will persist in the agricultural sector and sickness will continue to eat into the industrial counterpart of the economy The poverty alleviation programmes will not guarantee either employment or efficient use of resources.

Poverty, Environment, Development-A View from Gandhi s Window

Poverty, Environment, Development A View from Gandhi's Window L C Jain Patterned as it is after the Mahalanobis model of development, the Indian economy presents a picture of growth and achievement on many fronts: a tremendous increase in the output of what, in official circles, are regarded as development goods; considerable expansion in the communication, transport and irrigation infrastructures; a steep rise in agricultural and industrial production; a high volume of foreign trade, buffer stocks and bank deposits; a steady growth in investment and savings, These are all achievements that exceeded by far 'the best dreams of the early planners'. But in what measure have these investments and outputs mitigated the problems of poverty and unemployment? More specifically, what effect have they had on the diets of the poor, to whom, as Gandhi said, 'god appears in the form of food'?

Village Industry-In Search of Plan Parentage

In the absence of an integral place in the government's development strategy for khadi and village industries, the Khadi and Village Industries Commission, in spite of being decked up in the 225 recommendations of the Ramakrishnayya Committee, will still have no significant destination to go to.

A Heritage to Keep-The Handicrafts Industry, 1955-85

A Heritage to Keep The Handicrafts Industry, 1955-85 L C Jain Significant changes have taken place in the handicrafts sector during the period 1955-1984. This paper presents the highlights of these changes using available aggregative data together with the results of micro studies of selected crafts in about 40 locations in the country covering about 4,000 craftsmen. Against the background of these changes, the author critically examines government policies towards handicrafts and pinpoints the major areas calling for more effective policy intervention.

Lokpal Bill-Dharma Does Not Live Here Any More

Lokpal Bill Dharma Does Not Live Here Any More? L C Jain THE idea of having a Lokpal has been widely welcomed; so also the initiation of the Lokpal Bill in Parliament by the ruling party. The controversy centres on the scope of the proposed Bill, which in turn depends on the view one takes of the perspective and purpose that ought to attend it.

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