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The Aged, Their Problems and Social Intervention in Maharashtra

In India the problem of the aged had not until recently attracted much attention. With the changing demographic profile of the population some attempts are being made to document the living conditions of the old, their economic, social and psychological status, their problems, society's response to them and the attempts of the state to resolve these problems. This article is based on a survey of the aged undertaken in Maharashtra.

Employment Guarantee Scheme and Food for Work Programme

Employment Guarantee Scheme and Food for Work Programme Kumudini Dandekar Manju Sathe The Employment Guarantee Scheme (EGS) generated an employment for 3.9 lakh person years in rural Maharashtra. Thus it provided employment to 10 per cent of the 41 lakhs of workers among the weaker sections of Maharashtra. The 32nd round of National Sample Survey (NSS) too indicates that EGS offered an employment of more than 3 lakhs person years. Thus the two independent estimates more or less agree.

Maharashtra s Rural Health Services Scheme-An Evaluation

December 16, 1978 ous speed through arbitrage techniques to exploit price differentials. As the above analysis pointedly suggests, the alleged pristine operation of the 'market forces' of supply and demand have been severely abridged by the very mechanisms of the futures market where an exiguous number of giant multi-commodity traders exercise a pervasively powerful influence on world cotton prices. Of pivotal importance in the world cotton economy is that these inherently unstable price quotations from the New York Cotton Exchange are immediately disseminated globally, and act as the barometer for cotton prices in producing countries.

FAMILY PLANNING

Kumudini Dandekar DURING the past 25 years, attempts have been made to achieve economic development as well as birth control. Economic dvelopment, it was expected, would lead to an intellectual and cultural milieu in society favourable to birth control. An indirect attack on the problems of population growth was launched through raising the level of literacy and education leading to a rise in the age of marriage as well as through offering economic opportunities to women outside agriculture, etc. However, in spite of serious effort for two decades, at the end of the Fourth Plan it was observed that less than 15 per cent of Indian couples were practising contraception. Moreover, there was no perceptible change in the cultural set-up as a result of economic development. Hence the goal of attaining a low birth rate (of less than 25 births per 1,000 population) and a low growth rate of population has not been achieved; further, at this pace, there also seems to be no hope of achieving this objective in the near future.

Why Has the Proportion of Women in India s Population Been Declining

Population Been Declining Kumudini Dandekar The higher mortality of the Indian female compared to that of the male is due to social rather than biological factors. The social unpopularity of the female child, the woman's low status with low levels of education and employability, and the excessive child-bearing which may also be partly due to women's low status, are major contributory factors in the higher rate of mortality among females.

Age at Marriage of Women

Age at Marriage of Women Kumudini Dandekar The average age at marriage of Indian women has risen relatively rapidly in the last two decades and has reached a fairly reasonable level in recent years.

Mortality and Longevity in India, 1901-1961

conditions. (c) There is faith in the near-corn- pletcmess of enumeration at the census. This is due partly to the vastness of the whole census affair.

What Did Fail-Loop (IUCD) as a Contraceptive Administrators of Loop Programme Or, Our Ill-Conceived Expectations

The data have been classified according to the alfiliatiou of the unions to one of the central labour organisations, viz, AITUC, BMS, HMP, HMS, INTUC and UTUC. There is also another ca- tegoiy of unions which have been lumped together under the head 'Not Affiliated*. The breakdown of data according to the state, divisional and district levels is also given. The organisational aspect provides information on the size of the unions, the industrywise classification, and the classification according to the sector of operation. The financial aspect covers the income and expenditure patterns of the trade unions.

A Saner Attitude to Abortion

A Saner Attitude to Abortion Kumudini Dandekar Report of the Committee on Legalisation of Abortion, Ministry of Health and Family Planning, Government of India; 1967.
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