ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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EDUCATION-The Future of Planners

What Price Crude Imports? ISG THE Petroleum Ministry claims to have made the necessary arrangements for importing the 20 million and odd tonnes of crude pi as a small quantity of processed petroleum products we would need during the course of the current year. What price are we going to pay for the crude imports we have contracted for?

EDUCATION-Pedagogues and Social Scientists

Pedagogues and Social Scientists Krishna Kumar EDUCATIONAL study in India suffers from a serious division of interests and abilities between educationists and social scientists. In the category of 'educationists' we can place researchers and teachers associated with teacher training institutions and bureaucrats working in provincial departments of education or at Central government agencies involved in educational policy, Members of this vast category are regarded as the legitimate specialists of education, cither on account of their training and experience or on the basis of the positions they hold, What is the level of interaction between them and specialists from the different social sciences who concern themselves with education? One indicator of interaction can be the extent to which one kind of specialists refer to the work and findings of the other. Such mutual references simply do not exist. The 'educationalists' do not appear to think that social research con have anything useful to offer to education, and the 'social scientists' do not seem to think that the problems of content and processes that pedagogues are concerned with have any value for the study of education in the wider context of social interactions. Further- more, the 'educationists' are seldom aware of the data to which social scientists have access. And, in turn, 'social scientists'

EDUCATION-The Bureaucratic Imagination

August 29, 1981 EDUCATION The Bureaucratic Imagination Krishna Kumar THE Ministry of Education and Social Welfare has released a document called 'Trends in Educational Expenditure' which covers the period from 1968-69 to 1978-79, As the foreword explains, the document is concerned mainly with 'governmental inputs'. Although state inputs do play a major role in educational financing, an influential role

Mystique of Non-Formal Education

 of the Vulnerable sections' in the rest of India I As already mentioned, the book contains a mine of information and if it does not contain enough of highbrow analytical sophistication, it should not bother an average reader. Even a professional economist will be well advised to keep it on his shelf for he too occasionally needs facts and figures and precise sequence of policy-influencing events. On some issues, for example, one pertaining to the onerous task of rotating the buffer stock he may learn a thing or two about which his knowledge is hazy. On the other hand, he may skip a few chapters, particularly those on themes like prices which need at least a minimum of theoretical underpinning. In such situations the author appears to have followed a simple device of quoting someone known to him as an economist. The outcome is not particularly illuminating. But, we need not expect to derive all enlightenment from a single source.

Co-opting Freire-A Critical Analysis of Pseudo-Freirean Adult Education

Co-opting Freire A Critical Analysis of Pseudo-Freirean Adult Education Ross Kidd Krishna Kumar In this paper, we have made an attempt to examine the Application of Freirean pedagogy in some recent adult education work. In the first part of the paper, we will present a theoretical model which explains some of the prominent socio-political and economic aspects of this work.

Primary Education Problems and Purpose

Primary Education: Problems and Purpose A Comment Krishna Kumar LOW rate of retention in the primary school classes in India is often attributed to the view of education held by the parents of drop-out children. Amlya Rao ('Primary Education: Problems and Purpose', p 503, March 8, 1980) refers to a survey, carried out by the Delhi Municipal Corporation, which indicates that the majority of children who stay away from school do so because of their parents' indifference. Apparently supporting this conclusion of the survey, Rao says; Any scheme for universal primary education, to be successful, needs the parents' co-operation. But the parent must be able to see that the child is learning not merely to read and write, but also to be useful to the society and to the family and will, after a while, begin to earn; the parent must see that the child is not being led up a blind alley.

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