ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Battle against Their Own Minds-Notes on Literate Kerala

The idea that illiterates are living in a dark age because of their illiteracy underlies the national literacy programme, yielding the stereotypes of the illiterate as submerged in a sea of darkness and the literate as bathing in the light of every kind of awareness. The human goals of education are sacrificed fully when the existing stratification of society is reified thus by a baseless, indeed irrational, use of knowledge to classify people.

Market Economy and Mass Literacy-Revisiting Innis s Economics of Communication

Market Economy and Mass Literacy Revisiting Innis's Economics of Communication Krishna Kumar From the perspective of the conceptuat frame work developed by Harold A Innis, the pursuit of mass literacy in the context of the so-called 'globalisation' of the Indian economy calls for analysis at a number of levels. The advantages that a literate population offers to the growth of a market economy form a central theme of this paper. At a different level the discussion covers the implications of becoming literate in terms of what is there to read\ In addition to this generalised question, the discussion also looks at the specific problems of survival and development that the illiterates and neotiterates face in the emerging political economy.

MADHYA PRADESH-Education Programme under Attack

Education Programme under Attack Krishna Kumar Early last month two ongoing programmes of Eklavya, a voluntary institution which has pioneered innovative ideas in education and has been working within the state education system in Madhya Pradesh earned the displeasure of the BJP state government and were ordered to be closed down. This is an indicator of the limits of non-political efforts to withstand the feudal-trading-middle class combine which governs the state.

Banning Child Labour

make for free citizens in a true sense. The Indian state has to remove these anomalies in civil society. It has to take steps to Banning Child Labour Krishna Kumar The Supreme Court's order banning child labour in 'beedi' manufacturing is a modest achievement which will need sustained vigilance and struggle if it is not to fizzle out.

EDUCATION-Slowing Down

EDUCATION Slowing Down Krishna Kumar The report of the Department of Education for 1989-90 shows that what little energy had gathered in the bureaucratic machinery of education in the wake of the 1986 education policy had run

Quest for Self-Identity-Cultural Consciousness and Education in Hindi Region, 1880-1950

Quest for Self-Identity Cultural Consciousness and Education in Hindi Region, 1880-1950 Krishna Kumar This study of the Hindi litterati's search for cultural identity and expression centres on the development of Hindi journalism, Hindi literacy and education at the primary and advanced levels and the role of text books syllabi and socio-cuitural movements in remoulding the language by advancing the cause of Sanskritisation and promoting the Devnagri script and in the process renouncing the Urdu-Persian heritage.

Secularism Its Politics and Pedagogy

Secularism: Its Politics and Pedagogy Krishna Kumar The failure of secularism in India is hardly the failure of an ideology. It is essentially the failure of a ruling class that used secular ideals as means of seeking legitimacy but which largely inored the social tasks associated with the development of a secular society.

Colonial Citizen as an Educational Ideal

Krishna Kumar The customary statement that colonial education was 'aimed' at producing clerks is both theoretically feeble and historically untenable. We need a more adequate model capable of accommodating the contradictions that were inherent in the vision of colonial education as well as those that became manifest in its consequences. This paper attempts to use the concept of an educational ideal to identify an organising principle in Indian colonial education in the nineteenth century WE owe the concept of an educational ideal as a means of historical inquiry to Mannheim. He defined it as "a residue of attitudes, principles and forms of behaviour" which shape educational aims and arrangements in a period of history.' The concept enabled him to debunk the notion

Children and the Research Mill

being served such heady fare by the authors of this book. But the question of the various direct and indirect links and influences between the monetary system and the real economy still remains to be investigated

Defenders of Sati

new family code introduced in July 1987 was a definite advance over the older, conservative civil code and gave women several legal rights, e g, "a wife may now engage in a profession even without hei husband's permission" and "that her husband is no longer the sole administrator of the couple's property". There are more grounds for annullment of marriage and divorce, and common law wives are given rights to conjugal property On the other side of the political fence, Gabriela pointed out that liberal as the code seemed, its underlying motivations were the strengthening of the institutions of marriage and the family in which Filipino women are oppressed. Neither does it take into account of the conditions of the majority of poor, toiling, propertyless women and those engaged in sex tourism.

The Year of New Education

The Year of New Education Krishna Kumar A subtle diversion in the government's education policy has gone virtually unnoticed, 'Non-formal education; once regarded as a supplementary system, has now become part of the main strategy for achieving universalisation of primary education. At the other end, government has accepted the idea of privileged schooling at state expense.

Microprocessors and the Education Market

Microprocessors and the Education Market Krishna Kumar Technological Occupational Challenge, Social Transformation and Educational Response: International Yearbook of Education, 1985 by Edmund King; Paris: International Bureau of Education, Unesco, 1986.

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