ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Uttar Pradesh : In a Debt Trap

The state government has failed to raise revenue to match the growing needs of the state. The state machinery is loath to cut its own expenditure and budgets over the years have been sacrificing development expenditure. Even so, the state is headed for a debt trap.

Uttar Pradesh : Kols of Korawal

Evicted from their ancestral land by the Britishers and swindled by government officials and local politicians in the post-independence period, the kols of Uttar Pradesh, once a self-sufficient tribe, are being pushed into perpetual state of dependency.

UTTAR PRADESH- Budget 1998-99 State Finances in a Shambles

by short-term and sectarian political gains, now the issue of water is being looked at from the angle of natural resource management as well. This is evident from the fact that Tamil Nadu government has launched two years ago a massive drive to restore and maintain the irrigation network in the Cauvery delta. The master plan which promises to cover the entire network of about 12.000 km of canals in phases within a span of five years, envisages a huge investment of over Rs 140 crore. Financial resources are being tapped from the state's own budget without any central or external assistance and thousands of miles of canals in the delta that have remained uncared for long, are being targeted for restoration.

UTTAR PRADESH- Lok Sabha Polls Advantage BJP

time, different panchayats will take different decisions in this matter. There will be a great deal of experience to draw upon. The whole issue can be reviewed in the light of experience.

Finances of UP Government-Towards Bankruptcy

names that dominate their respective market segments. In engineering and construction there is L & T, in boilers Thermax, HMT in machine tools, BHEL in power plants, Kirloskar in diesel engines and generators, Paharpur in transmission towers, along with many others. But there are practically no Indian brands that have a global or even international name recognition. If Indian companies are to compete effectively with global ones, even in the Indian market, they will have to take the battle into overseas markets. This will have to be done selectively and with very sharp focus on market segments, but will still be expensive. They will also have to invest in India to retain for their brands a high place in consumer recognition and respect, Those companies that do not make the effort will be low margin manufacturers of generic unbranded products, or will die. In either case they are fated to be dinosaurs.

Revamped Public Distribution System-Who Benefits and How Much

Revamped Public Distribution System Who Benefits and How Much? Kripa Shankar When it was found that in the backward rural areas people were getting no supplies from the Public Distribution System, a Revamped Public Distribution System (RPDS) was launched in 1992 for tribal, arid, hill and remotely located areas. The scheme now covers 2,496 blocks all over the country. Findings of a survey of RPDS in 21 tribal villages in Mirzapur district in UP.

On Voluntary Organisations

Mahendra Dev's faith in the verity and implementational accuracy of government rules and guidelines. His detailed excerpt from the government of Maharashtra, Planning Department, Employment Guarantee, Scheme document concerning the filling of form 1, registering with form 4, giving directions in form 7, and an undertaking from the beneficiary that s/he will work continuously for 30 days was quite intimidating. Nevertheless the fact remains that in all our experience in contemporary times the EGS beneficiaries do not have to fill in any forms other than put their mark on the muster roll. Obviously officials in the field today are not as 'bureau-crazy' as the government guidelines intend them to be. It seems they try to implement the spirit of the programme rather than the word. The next time that we are in the field we will look out for tehsildars, SDOs and collectors who keep track of all these forms and their respective proformas. However, we do agree with Mahendra Dev that the rules and guidelines could do with modifications to bring them in line with the actual practice in the field.

Bonded Agricultural Labour in India of 1996-Case of Hallia Block in UP

India of 1996 Case of Hallia Block in UP Kripa Shankar For the first three decades after independence, the country's rulers refused even to acknowledge the phenomenon of debt-bonded labourers. Then in 1976, after the proclamation of emergency, the government viewed the passing of the Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act as synonymous with the freeing of all bonded labourers and cancelling of their debts. The brazen hypocrisy of these postures is exposed by a small survey of five villages in Hallia block of Mirzapur district in UP.

Lok Sabha Elections Balance Sheet in UP

made its presence felt in other parts of India, i e, Bihar, Rajasthan, Haryana, Jammu and Kashmir, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, etc. The success of the BSP indicates that the weaker sections especially the SC and ST who were initially treated as vote banks of other traditional parties like Congress, JD, etc, are by and large consolidated in the BSP fold now. Secondly, the publication and circulation of Ambedkar's writing and speeches, Dalit Voice, etc, have made a sizeable impact on dalit intellectuals and helped in mobilising their people politically. Thirdly, the oppressed masses are now supporting the BSP for their psychological satisfaction too.


Failure to generate revenues and cut non-productive, especially administrative, expenditure has led UP into a debt trap. UTTAR PRADESH is one of the poorest states but appears to be very reluctant to mobilise resources for faster development or to take measures to increase the efficiency of investments. Per capita tax revenue in the state is almost one-third of what it is in the richer states even backward states like M P and Rajasthan have higher per capita tax revenue. A state like Kerala which does not have a much better per capita income has a tax incidence of Rs 570 as against Rs 249 in U P.

Sorry State of UP s Economy

With declining investment and profligate non-developmental expenditure, Uttar Pradesh's economy is in the doldrums. OF all the 14 major states of the Indian Union, UP has the lowest human development index (HDI) of 0.07 of as against 0.11 for Bihar, 0.14 for MP, 0.19 for Rajasthan and 0.21 for Orissa, the national average- being 0.37. Although Bihar and MP have a lower per capita state domestic product, they stand above UP because of higher life expectancy and literary percentage being higher in MP. Orissa has almost the same per capita domestic product as UP, but stands above in life expectancy as well as literacy rates and consequently has a higher HDI of 0.21. Similarly because of higher life expectancy, Rajasthan stands above UP despite a lower literacy rate (Annual Plan UP, 1994-95, Vol I, p 59). UP has the highest infant mortality rate in the country and has the largest concentration of people living below the poverty line which is increasing in absolute terms despite a decline in percentage terms. According to the state annual plan 1994-95 the absolute number of people below the poverty line increased in 1983-84 and further to 599.63 lakh in

Jawahar Rozgar Yojana An Assessment in UP

in UP Kripa Shankar JAWAHAR Rozgar Yojana (JRY) was started in 1989 by merging National Rural Employment Programme and Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Programme with the primary objective of generation of additional gainful employment to the rural underemployed and unemployed. The novel feature of the scheme is that funds will be released directly to the village panchayat which will execute employ ment programmes according to the felt needs of the people. Village panchayats were thus provided substantial funds for the first lime in their history to undertake employment generating works bypassing the bureaucracy in the shape of Mock officials. This was an improvement over earlier employment generating programmes which were solely executed by block officials with no involvement or control, of the village people and consequently the results were obviously unsatisfactory. This devolution of power and funds was a bold step in the given situation and the experiment is naturally being watched keenly.


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