ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Kirit S ParikhSubscribe to Kirit S Parikh

Strengthening India’s Position in Climate Change Negotiations

The authors respond to three main issues raised by Navroz K Dubash and Radhika Khosla in their article “Recovering Key Strategic Concepts in India’s Climate Policy” (EPW, 9 April 2016).

Paris Agreement

The Paris Agreement on Climate Change has reiterated the principle of Common but Differentiated Responsibilities and Respective Capabilities, but has not referred to historical responsibility. How important is historical responsibility and what does it imply? How is one going to differentiate without historical responsibility? What would be India's responsibility? How do India's Intended Nationally Determined Contribution targets compare with its responsibility?

Double-Digit Inclusive Growth

India aspires for a double-digit growth rate. For that, agriculture will have to grow at least 4% annually to support gross domestic product growth rates in excess of 8% if we are to constrain imports at slightly higher levels than at present. Such agricultural growth can be attained with a total factor productivity growth rate of 2%, along with developing the net irrigated area to 90 million hectares. But in the past two decades, agricultural growth has been less than 3% and productivity growth has been lower than 2%. Surface irrigation has not grown and groundwater is being overexploited in many parts of the country. Achieving the required agricultural growth for double-digit growth of the economy is a signifi cant challenge.

Right to Food and Foodgrain Policy

Identification of the poor and the scale of operation are the most critical challenges of the proposed legislation on the right to food. This article suggests universal entitlement that excludes clearly identifi able rich. Food coupons could eliminate the need for the operations of public distribution system and eliminate diversion. Also cash transfers to the women of the household through Aadhaar cards could substantially reduce diversions and avoid the problem of distribution of food coupons.

The Logic of the Expert Group Report on Petroleum Prices

The article explains the logic behind the Parikh Committee recommendation on petroleum prices. Based on considerations of who would bear what burden, the recommendations would lead to a viable and sustainable pricing policy, which would be workable over a wide range of international oil prices, which would meet the various objectives of the government, and which would limit the fiscal burden on the government and keep the domestic oil industry financially healthy and competitive.

How Effective Is Female Literacy in Reducing Fertility?

Surveys since the late 1970s have sought to explore female literacy and its role in the reduction of fertility. The data available, however, have not been used for a multiple regression analysis of the relationship. This paper based on a study in two states used a regression exercise done for four different models, to explore the relation controlling for a number of confounding factors. Without overall development, literacy, although a critical preconditioner, affected fertility reduction in small percentage terms.

Thinking through the Enron Issue

The issues at the core of the debate over the Dabhol power project are: (1) Does India need power? Does Maharashtra need power? Is there a need for a new power plant in Maharashtra? (2) How does the cost of Dabhol power compare with alternatives? (3) Is there scope to reduce the cost of Dabhol power? This paper seeks to suggest how these questions should be explored and to provide answers to them.

Equitable Sustainable Development of Gujarat

Kirit S Parikh While Gujarat is one of the richest states in the country in terms of per capita income, in terms of the social indicators of mortality and education its performance has been only modest. Against this background, the author addresses some of the issues that are likely to arise in Gujarat's development over the coming years. He first reviews in somewhat greater detail Gujarat's achievement in health, education and poverty alleviation and the state of its environment and then examines the notion of sustainable development and what it means for Gujarat, The paper concludes with some goals for Gujarat for the year 2000.

Enron Episode Lessons for Power Policy

Enron Episode: Lessons for Power Policy Kirit S Parikh The Enron controversy has raised four questions. How much is high plant availability worth? Why do we offer high rates of return without competitive bidding to control capital costs? Why do we agree to high load factor guarantees? What can we do to prevent such controversies and the associated delays in future?

Strategies for Agricultural Liberalisation-Consequences for Growth, Welfare and Distribution

This note summarises the results of a recently completed study which examined the impacts of trade liberalisation, agricultural input subsidy reductions and safety net programmes for India with an applied general equilibrium model with nine agricultural sectors, one non-tradeable non-agriculture sector and one tradeable non-agriculture sector and with five rural and five urban income classes. The study demonstrates the importance of accounting for large country effects in rice trade and estimates the optimal tariff/quota for rice exports for India which is found to be just half a million tonnes of net export of rice. The results show that non-agricultural trade liberalisation is even more important for agriculture than even agricultural trade liberalisation, both of which help accelerate growth The study concludes that a policy package involving trade liberalisation with moderate residual taiffas permitted under GATT and agricultural inputs subsidies removal accompanied by targeted safety net programmes along with stepped up investment in irrigation with the expected additional foreign inflows materialising, produces a scenario that is superior from the point of growth, welfare and distribution and that this can be financed without raising taxes.

Privatisation and Deregulation-Irrelevant Hypotheses

Privatisation and Deregulation Irrelevant Hypotheses Kirit S Parikh ASHOK RUDRA in his last hurrah (EPW, December 21, 1991) for the commanding heights in response to T N Srinivasan's Victory speech' shows admirable intellectual agility. But alas, he does not establish what he starts out with and ends with two irrelevant hypotheses. Not that what he writes is wrong but that it does not go far enough. It does not touch the heart of the matter I have always admired Ashok Rudra to be one who does not let his ideology cloud his analysis. Therefore; I am hopeful that he will agree with what I write here.

A Development Strategy for the 1990s

Growth of the Indian economy over the last four decades has been inadequate; poverty, hunger and illiteracy persist amidst abundant food stocks; much of our industry remains internationally non-competitive and requires import of technology; and public sector does not generate significant surplus and remains inefficient. Given this experience what should be our goals and policies for the 90s?

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