ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Keshab DasSubscribe to Keshab Das

State and the IT Industry in India

Using a historical comparative perspective, this paper assesses the role of state (both national and subnational) in the growth of the information technology industry. An attempt has been made to identify the key constraints facing the information technology sector in a highly competitive global market scenario. There have been, however, serious lapses in government policy that never prepared the sector to engage in hardware manufacturing, and India still stands at the low end of the value chain. An interesting development in the sector has been the distinctive role played by a few proactive subnational governments that have recognised the emerging opportunities this sector can provide through participation in both the global as well as growing domestic markets.

Sakti Prasad Padhi: Orissa's Thinking and Humane Economist

Sakti Prasad Padhi was a model of an outstanding thinker. Uncompromising and conscientious, this brilliant economist was yet gentle in his articulation of his perspectives on economic theory and the problems of underdevelopment in the deprived regions. A tribute to his life and work.

Ensuring Horizontal Equity: Challenge before the Thirteenth Finance Commission

The Thirteenth Finance Commission needs to make a major departure in the interstate distribution of resources devolved from the centre. Since the Tenth Finance Commission, there has been a discarding of criteria that emphasise redistribution and instead a greater weight has been assigned to new criteria such as tax effort and fiscal discipline. This has defeated the very notion of equity, crucial in an era where interstate disparities are widening.

Underdevelopment by Design?

Based on primary source material, this paper unravels the undermining of development of vital transport infrastructure in Orissa, namely, Paradeep port and a proposed railway line for exploiting the rich mineral resources of the stateâ??s hinterland. As the analysis suggests, quite apart from the importance of the contemporary macroeconomic strategies and the inefficiency of resource use, an explanation in a quasi-federal set-up of continuing regional deprivation must be sought in the design of the politico-bureaucratic pressure tactics and the process by which major public sector investment proposals eventually have to succumb to the compulsions of contingent politics of vested interests.

Uneven Development and Regionalism:A Critique of Received Theories

This paper attempts to critically examine various theoretical approaches towards uneven development and regionalism. Major theories propounded by the neoclassical regional school, institutionalists, political economists and, finally, modern geographers have been interpreted with reference to their strengths and weaknesses. Though modern geographers do provide a sensible analysis of the causes of uneven development, the perpetuation of backwardness in a developing country context awaits deeper thinking. Moreover, the rise of a strange brand of apolitical neo-localism in recent decades has further diluted any meaningful quest in this direction. Given this, typical interventionist strategies, based upon experiences of matured capitalist societies, are still uncritically tried out in developing countries as possible solutions to the problematic of uneven development and regionalism.
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