ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles By Keshab Das

Labour Agency and Global Production Networks in India

Recognising an increasing interface of the domestic labour—informal as well as unorganised—with the global production networks, this article engages with two specific research concerns. One is the relevance of traditional trade unions, and the other is the role of the new, even as both labour standards and rights confront the challenges of capital-favouring new labour legislations. The systemic exclusion of the lower-tier workers, despite their globality, reinforces and justifies informality and precarity in the labour process.

Financing the Micro and Small Enterprises in India

A close look at the data on flow of bank credit to the micro and small enterprise sector in India since the 1970s reveals that the strategic intent of reorienting the industrial policy in the mid-2000s by carving out a new category called the micro, small and medium enterprises has not served any useful purpose in terms of making institutional credit available to the mses. It is also observed that the pro-market financial inclusion rhetoric of the second half of the current decade has not helped the msmes, especially those engaged in manufacturing activities, to enhance access to bank credit. The much-publicised Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency scheme, at the same time, appears as a mere window dressing as it has not infused any new funds into the system.

Ensuring Horizontal Equity: Challenge before the Thirteenth Finance Commission

The Thirteenth Finance Commission needs to make a major departure in the interstate distribution of resources devolved from the centre. Since the Tenth Finance Commission, there has been a discarding of criteria that emphasise redistribution and instead a greater weight has been assigned to new criteria such as tax effort and fiscal discipline. This has defeated the very notion of equity, crucial in an era where interstate disparities are widening.

Underdevelopment by Design?

Based on primary source material, this paper unravels the undermining of development of vital transport infrastructure in Orissa, namely, Paradeep port and a proposed railway line for exploiting the rich mineral resources of the stateâ??s hinterland. As the analysis suggests, quite apart from the importance of the contemporary macroeconomic strategies and the inefficiency of resource use, an explanation in a quasi-federal set-up of continuing regional deprivation must be sought in the design of the politico-bureaucratic pressure tactics and the process by which major public sector investment proposals eventually have to succumb to the compulsions of contingent politics of vested interests.