ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Kausik GangopadhyaySubscribe to Kausik Gangopadhyay

Private Investment in Education

This article presents empirical evidence on educational investments by members of different castes and religion using household-level, cross-sectional data from West Bengal. It finds that scheduled caste households invest significantly less than other households in private coaching of children, even after controlling for all available socio-economic background variables. This result is posited to arise from two possible sources: from cultural factors and from positive discriminative practices. The article develops an empirical strategy to determine which type of factor is more significant and finds that cultural factors are more likely than positive discriminative practices to be the source of the lower spending.

Extent of Poverty in India

The poverty line in India is usually associated with a calorie threshold. This calorie threshold approach suffers from many problems. An alternative revealed preference-based approach has been provided by Jensen and Miller. In the JM approach, the staple calorie share reveals whether a household is calorie deprived. We use this approach to estimate the extent of poverty in India. Though our poverty estimates are very close to the Tendulkar Committee estimates for the urban sector, for the rural sector our estimates are considerably lower. We also fi nd by our method a remarkable rise in urban poverty between 2004-05 and 2007-08.
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