ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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A Marxist Approach to Understanding Ecology

Two seminal books, John Bellamy Foster, Brett Clark, and Richard York’s The Ecological Rift: Capitalism’s War on the Earth and John Bellamy Foster’s The Ecological Revolution: Making Peace with the Planet suggest that the rift between humanity and nature must be analysed in its intertwining with other kinds of alienation, all stemming from the adverse effects of the very nature and structure of capitalist society. Nothing short of an eco-social revolution is required to deal with the social and ecological crisis.

Stated and Unstated Aims of NCERT Social Science Textbooks

Social science textbooks are not and cannot be objective or unbiased. What is included and what is excluded in a textbook indicates the ideology and the aims of the textbooks, whether the aims are stated or unstated. The questions are: Which ideology? Which aims? Some excerpts from the present NCERT (National Council of Educational Research and Training) textbooks indicate unstated aims of facilitating students' conformation and integration into the present social system. This is indicated by the use--and absence--of terms and concepts such as "capitalism" in these textbooks. Apparently the unstated aim is that if capitalism remains un-understood and unanalysed, it may not be questioned, and students will not realise that there is any alternative to capitalism. In the present circumstances, what can a textbook maker who stands on the left do?

Developments in Development-New leaching Methods in District Primary Education Programme

New Teaching Methods in District Primary Education Programme Karen Haydock IT seems development has made some development lately. As idealistic youth have turned into old-hands, and everyone from government agencies to multinationals and the World Bank have stepped in, development has acquired a new flavour. Just like a slick commercial that is seen on television in the US the main motivation for development is no longer associated with idealism or revolutionary thinking if it ever was. The goal is clear (although it is also so obvious that no one says it outright); the rich want to get richer, and they need to develop a workforce that can make them richer. If it means education -maybe there even should be a little education.
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