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Civil Rights Literacy

for higher studies, how do we account for the relatively greater uneveness of distribution of public expenditure at this level in the rural areas? Is it the prevailing pattern of income distribution in rural and urban areas that accounts for a greater inequality of distribution of education in rural areas and of higher education in general?

MAHARASHTRA- Urban Land Public Powers, Private Ends

a medium for education but only of entertainment. Among the most important conclusions of some of these studies is that TV makes the human brain 'drowsy and passive', making TV an ideal instrument for propaganda and entertainment, but not education and enlightenment Perhaps it is this very quality of TV which is the reason for the high priority accorded to it along with that accorded to the strengthening of the means of control and repression.


MAHARASHTRA An Unlawful Law Kannan Srinivasan ON June 6, the Governor of Maharashtra promulgated an Ordinance which amended the Maharashtra Regional and Town Planning Act. The Statement of Objects and Reasoas said that the Government was "not sufficiently aimed" to deal with "unauthorised development". The result: "large scale formation of slums, on both public and private lands", What is required, according to the Statement, are "deterrent penalties and to give speedy powers for demolition, discontinuance and removal". The penalty for "unauthorised development", so-culled, has been increased from a fine to a three- year term of imprisonment: it is therefore automatically in the Second Schedule of the Criminal Procedure Code as a cognizable criminal offence. Any policeman may arrest without a warrant, and the offence is non-bailable. Obstructing demolitions in any way will now carry a one-year term of imprisonment and a thou sand-rupee fine.

Afghanistan and Imperial Choice

discuss the political, economic and international aspects of the state in socialist countries in general and the Soviet Union in particular. The Indians, by contrast, in certain cases (C T Kurien to a limited extent and A R Desai in a more frontal and forthright manner) carried their Jack of inhibition with respect to discussing Indian problems into discussions of the Soviet state, freedom under socialism, the role of dissidence, solidarity between the Soviet Union and the forces of a socialist revolutionary character in other parts of the world, etc. With the assistance of the more accommodating participants on the Indian side, the symposium as a whole simply ignored such questions except for a few tangential remarks by Imam on this whole controversial area.

The Orissa Aluminium Complex-Points toward a Debate

Points toward a Debate Kannan Srinivasan Vinod Vyasulu S Rajagopalan The financial viability and the foreign exchange earnings of the public sector Orissa aluminium pro- ject depend crucially on alumina prices and the interest rate on the Eurocurrency loan. Given that present interest rates are substantially higher than assumed by the Government of India and given that we do not possess any leverage to make the alumina price reflect the cost of money or the cost of production, the project seems viable only on the most optimistic assumptions about alumina prices and money and production costs.

Land and Housing for Poor in Bombay

Land and Housing for Poor in Bombay Kannan Srinivasan FROM the released summary of the Kerkar Committee's report, its recommendations seem ominous, coming as they do in the wake of the forcible eviction of pavement dwellers in Bombay. This report clearly marks a radical shift from earlier approaches to Bombay's urban problems.

AFGHANISTAN-Revolution from Above and Intervention from Outside

Revolution from Above and Intervention from Outside Kannan Srinivasan THE history ol the Afghan state is the history of failed attempts at economic rationalisation and administrative control The attempt at an etatist transformation of Afghanistan, seen most recently with Daoud Khan and Hafi- zullah Amin, began with King Amanullah. Inspired by the Attaturk, he undertook massive change in his own country immediately after the First World War: large civil works, the beginning of a railway, an airline and a telephone system. Attempting the eradication of conservative Muslim social customs he insisted on the removal of the veil and on compulsory co-educational schooling. Amanullah's government was perceived as a threat by the British because of his frequent needling of their government in India and his provocative exploitation of his connections with Turkey, France, Germany and the USSR. There was resentment among the tribal leadership


August 15, 1981 Generally, the strike brought out the line of difference between the middle farmers, with less land and animals who could handle the work by themselves at least on an emergency basis, and the rich farmers who could not. On the whole the middle farmers remained neutral during the strike, keeping themselves apart from the anti-labour tactics of the rich farmers.

MAHARASHTRA-Organising Tribals in Thane

Organising Tribals in Thane Kannan srinivasan KASHTAKARI SANGHATANA is an organisation of adivasi and non-adivasi activists which has been working for about two years among adivasis in the northern part of Thane district in Maharashtra. According to the Sanghatana, its activities have included campaigns against alienation of land from adivasis, loss of forest land, corruption of government officials, exorbitant interest charged by moneylenders, and the witch-craze which has been sweeping Thane district recently. Godavari Parulekar, president of the Maharashtra Kisan Sabha and member of the Central Committee of the CPI (M), has recently charged that the Sanghatana is a Christian missionary organisation and that it receives "foreign and church funds". According to one newspaper report, she has even sought the intervention of the Maharashtra government to curb the Sanghatana's activities.


Reply Kannan Srinivasan NHAVA is not the only trans-harbour green belt available for 'sea access'. There is, first of all, the waterfront area of Panje. Secondly, the Bombay Port Trust has no activity scheduled for the southern portion of Sheva


Reply Kannan Srinivasan FIRST of all, I would note that Bombay Bachao have chosen not to deny their involvement with bungalow- owning families in Alibag taluka. They have not, for instance, denied that the president of their organisation is of the largest landowning family in the taluka. Neither have they disclosed the source of their financing.

The Environmentalists Another View

The Environmentalists: Another View Kannan Srinivasan RECENTLY, environmental causes have been big news in Bombay. In particular, much attention has been focused on the public sector fertiliser project of Rashtriya Chemicals and Fertilisers (RCF) which in 1977 had been proposed for Mandwa-Rewas in the Alibag taJuka of Kulaba district, in the Kon- kan region south of Bombay. There was enormous opposition to Mandwa as the site for the plant. A group of organisations1 joined together to form the Bombay Bachao Committee to combat the siting of the project. And an effective, tightly-run campaign was launched.


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