ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Economic Aspects of Biodiversity Conservation-Micro and Macro Strategies for Intervention

Micro and Macro Strategies for Intervention Kanchan Chopra This article examines the economic interventions required for biodiversity conservation. Based on data from 15 sites in four states the author attempts to the strategies which may be best pursued. An in-depth study of a national park falling in the region is also interpreted to yield strategies for biodiversity conservation in protected areas.

Forest and other Sectors-Critical Role of Government Policy

Government policy with respect to forests mediates the role they play in the economy in their different aspects: as processors of the water cycle and of soil, as providers of livelihoods to and of habitats for wildlife and as suppliers of timber and other raw materials to industry. Clear policy directions are essential if forest resources are to be preserved and utilised.

Watershed Development-A Contrast with NREP/JRY

Gopal K Kadekodi Wasteland and watershed development programmes, while creating some employment and assets for local population are designed basically to take advantage of the natural capacity for regeneration inherent in a biomass system. The paper makes an assessment of the implications of IRDP/NREP versus the land and water-related programmes for employment generation and natural capital regeneration, asset creation and environmental conservation.

Peoples Participation and Common Property Resources

Property Resources Kanchan Chopra Gopal K Kadekodi M N Murty Though relevant in a wide spectrum of situations, participatory management is becomig increasingly pertinent in the management of common property resources. While historically ownership and management of these resources rested with the state, governments' failure to preserve common property resources together with their excessive exploitation for development has led to serious degradation of the environment with the attendant ecological repercussions. Under peoples' participation as an alternative, the beneficiary/client groups are made responsive to the cost of preservation. Such a system makes development with preservation possible and renders the assumed trade-off between development and preservation non-operational WHAT Is PEOPLES' PARTICIPATION?

Dimensions of Inequality in a High Growth Region

Dimensions of Inequality in a High Growth Region Kanchan Chopra When development is conceived of as a trend increase in the total of goods and services, underlying conflict between the interests of different groups are relegated to the background. Equity considerations, which reflect some of these conflicts, have figured in the literature in a different manner: attention is focused on discussion of 'growth with equity',, implying thereby that growth is in some sense of primary interest and some equity con- siderations have to be added to it The main thrust of this paper is towards treating equity as a dimension of development to be viewed in conjunction with growth. Further, different kinds of inequality generated by the development process have, it is pointed out, differing impact on the constraints on future development.

Distribution of Agricultural Assets in Punjab-Some Aspects of Inequality

Some Aspects of Inequality Kanchan Chopra Concurrent with fast agricultural development, Punjab also witnessed a hitherto unprecedented growth of capital stock in agriculture and the emergence of markets in the hiring of these assets. It is not always recognised that inequality in ownership of assets has some special implications. There is a marked difference in the conditions under which the owners and the hirers of assets have access to their services. Another source of inequality, on which asset ownership has an important impact, is vulnerability to deprivation in a bad agricultural year. These two aspects of asset ownership have an important impact on unequal access to goods and services.


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