ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Do Urban Voters in India Vote Less?

The conventional wisdom that urban voters in India vote less, the authors argue, rests on a shaky empirical foundation: they describe the errors and biases associated with three main methods of estimating urban turnout in India, and note that, even when taken at face value, these measures tell us only about metropolitan India, but not about small towns. Then, they use new data to argue that urbanisation in parliamentary elections since at least 1980 is associated, other things being equal, with lower turnout within but not across states, and that within states, this negative relationship holds for the smaller towns as well as metropolitan cities since at least 1989.

The New Indian State

Describing the relocation of the patronage-based relationship between the state and the private sector in post-liberalisation India, this article goes on to address the consequences of this relationship for democracy. It points out that the continued dependence of a reconstituted private sector on patronage relations with a reconstituted state can reinforce an investment in procedural democracy, but may at the same time subvert the substantive aspects of democracy.

Hardly the End of Dynastic Rule

Using data on the family background of members in the 2014, 2009 and 2004 Parliaments, this paper argues against the perception that dynastic rule in India is on the way out, thanks to the replacement of the Gandhis and the Congress Party by Narendra Modi and the Bharatiya Janata Party, and with the rise of "young, aspirational voters". It points out that dynastic representation in the new Parliament is lower than in 2009, but nevertheless alive and well. Two persistent features of Indian democracy - the high returns associated with state office and the weak organisation of political parties - are catalysts to this trend, which even the BJP is not immune from.

Party Strategies in the Uttar Pradesh Assembly Elections, 1996

Party Strategies in the Uttar Pradesh Assembly Elections, 1996 Kanchan Chandra Chandrika Parmar Given that ethnic, identity in the form of caste and religion is not likely to disappear from national politics, the key question is whether ethnic mobilisation can he successfully separated from ethnic polarisation.
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