ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Development Dilemma

The growth-led paradigm of development has resulted in global ecological imbalances, increased inter- and intra-country socio-economic inequalities, displacement, marginalisation and cultural uprooting of a large number of native people. The ecologycentred model emerged in answer, and emphasised the creation of more national parks and sanctuaries. Ironically, this also led to the displacement of a large number of native people and their further marginalisation and sufferings in social, economic and cultural terms. This paper discusses the case of displacement and resettlement of the 'maldharis' of the Gir forest in Gujarat, who were displaced and resettled in 1970s and 1980s as a result of creation of a sanctuary and later a national park in the Gir forest. The state government policy of resettlement had a negative view of the maldharis, and was neither well-conceived nor implemented systematically. At present, there is an eco-development project in the Gir protected area sponsored by the World Bank, which does not approve of forced relocation and provides for voluntary relocation in a participatory way. Accordingly, the state government stance has changed, but on an experimental basis and only for this one project.

BIHAR- New Reservation Policy

than Schumpeterian profit. While Schumpeter's definition of profit excludes interest, depreciation, etc, on fixed capital these are included in Mathur's technological surplus. This surplus is almost like Ricardian rent. It is, like rent, based on differential efficiency of different units. However, the similarity ends there. As in the long run, as more and more firms enter the industry with most recent technique firms which were earning zero 'rent' before, the marginal firms, are forced out of the industry. Though this technological surplus may look like Marshallian quasi rent, in the latter case a new firm has no particular advantage over its predecessors whereas this is not the cast in technological surplus. We thus see that at any given moment in time a spectrum of technology exists in an economy working simultaneously and having different productivities and profits. Out of these, the least efficient technique is the one determining the price structure. The marginal technique is in operation because demand at the price structure associated with that technique exceeds the total capacities of all the more efficient techniques.

Anatomy of the Special Marriage Act

In principle the Special Marriage Act recognises the independence of individuals and is intended to enable their liberation from the traditional, coercive collectivities in the matter of marriage. But the conditionalities attached and procedure prescribed for special marriages provide enough time and scope for family, caste and community to harass those who wish to take recourse to the act.

BJPs Changing View of Hindu-Muslim Relations

Hindu-Muslim Relations Kameshwar Choudhary The BJP's position on Hindu-Muslim relations has undergone considerable metamorphosis in the decade of its existence with the Mandal agitation acting as a spur to its current phase of communal politics.

Debunking the Call for Women s Slavery

seeking to enhance the quantities to be released through the PDS. Thirdly, the public distribution system is responsive and effective only in those locations which are dominated by urban middle classes. Fourthly, the administrative difficulties regarding expansion of FPS network in rural areas are significant and nothing except frequent lip service will be offered to remedy them and finally, there always will be a very sizeable incentive, equivalent to about Rs 90 crore (for 8 lakh/MT annum at Rs 12 per kg) per month, for diversion of PDS oils to private trade.

Reservation for OBCs Hardly An Abrupt Decision

Reservation for OBCs: Hardly An Abrupt Decision Kameshwar Choudhary The policy of reservation may be a 'reform measure' adopted by the ruling class to maintain the existing inegalitarian system, but opposing it at the moment would be a retrograde step.

Gramsci s Intellectuals and People s Science Movement

Gramsci's Intellectuals and People's Science Movement Kameshwar Choudhary ANTONIO GRAMSCTs concepts of Organic' and 'traditional' intellectuals arc not uncommon in top intellectual circles. But we have to be very cautious in using these terms. A serious problem is that even some scholars and intellectual activists commit mistakes in the understanding and application of these concepts. One such example, we find, in the paper presented by K P Kannan at the National Seminar on 'Secularism in India' organised jointly by the Indian Academy of Social Sciences and the Tata Institute of Social Sciences in Bombay during September 25-27, 1989 (published in EPW, February 10, pp 311-13).

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