ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Who Are the'Community'?

The World Bank proposes "good governance" as the ultimate solution for those third world countries that have not been able to reap the benefits of globalisation. In its recent report on Bihar, the bank emphasises governance reforms by proposing decentralisation, community management of resources and micro-enterprises. However, in a classic neo-liberal sense it does so without questioning the existing structures of power and underlying relations of production.

Small Cultivators in Bihar and 'New' Technology

After the introduction of the new economic policy in 1991, the cost of cultivation has jumped due to increase in input prices. Small producers resort to marketing the 'distress surplus', and increasing costs of cultivation render them more dependent on large landowners for high-interest loans. The author's findings suggest that in a scenario of unequal distribution of land and resources, the embrace of new technology by small cultivators, far from leading to greater 'income diffusion', deepens their dependence on those with economic, social and political power.

Co-option or Confrontation-New Challenges for Indian Trade Unions

New Challenges for Indian Trade Unions Kalpana Wilson Is there an alternative to bureaucratic and politically shackled trade unionism on the one hand, and isolated and depoliticised 'independent' activism on the other? Recent developments suggest the emergence of a third current, combining ideological commitment and practical integrity bringing together the organised and the unorganised sector workers in a wider movement THE accelerating process of globalisation has focused attention on the trade union movement from alt sides. On the one hand, drastic large-scale retrenchments, casuali- sation of labour, rising prices and cuts in government spending, and a creeping curtailment of workers' rights to organise have made Indian workers in both the organised and increasingly the unorganised sectors turn to trade unions and demand from them new strategies to confront these attacks. On the other hand, while global capital and its representatives have long regarded trade unions as an obstacle to the introduction of policies which further its interests (the Indian trade union movement being singled out for criticism by the World Bank for its opposition to the new economic policies), attempts are now on to appropriate and remould trade unions from above in order that they may actually become a tool in the current economic restructuring.

Globalisation and Muslim Belt-Reshaping of British Racism

Reshaping of British Racism Over the past few years, images of Muslims have acquired an important place within the racist discourse of the British establishment. To understand and combat this new aspect of racism, we need to look at how it is linked to shifts in the balance of power in the world, and especially in south Asia since the late 1980s.

Self-Defence and Police Racism in Britain

nounced another Gujarat bundh, which subsequently acquired the distinction of unleashing the worst communal riots. The Centre could no more remain silent, and when it broke its silence; the sword fell on Solanki's ministry.
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