ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Three-Dimensional Family

Empirical research on the family has largely concentrated on kinship patterns, modes of household organisation, patterns of inheritance, and practices of nurturance. Contemporary social movements, on the other hand, have underscored the subservience of nurturance to the hierarchies of gender in family households in India. In this complex location of the family, this article seeks to map a three-dimensional view that cuts across discourses and disciplines and underscores a multilayered practice of sociology in order to evolve a more nuanced understanding of the family.

Peace and Irresponsibility

Recent actions by the Naxalite movement in Andhra Pradesh raise questions about the ethics and lack of accountability on the part of these groups. It is not merely in the bearing and use of arms that the Naxalite movement mirrors the state. Unfortunately there is a stark resemblance even in the indiscriminate and extremely moralistic identification of the enemy who must then be eliminated. The power of naming in this entire scenario vests with the police on the one side and the Naxalites on the other. Actions such as the recent killings by the Naxalites destroy public confidence and increase the faith of people in repressive measures and fascist solutions. The fear of terrorism is not easy to contain and when radical politics begins to use the weapon of terror that, in our view, signals the end of politics.

Reflections on the Peace Process in Andhra Pradesh

Initiating a peace process with the Naxalites was not an act of benevolence by the Congress government, but the first step towards fulfilling a commitment on the basis of which it was given a mandate by the people. It is now time to address several questions pertaining to the entire process that spanned eight months, including the role of the media, the bearing of arms in public, the issue of land reforms and that of ?neutrality? in political matters. The ultimate undoing of a laboriously crafted process of democratisation by a newly elected government is cause for serious concern.

Andhra Pradesh : Women's Rights and Naxalite Groups

For over two decades, the feminist critique of revolutionary left movements in Andhra Pradesh has questioned the lack of visibility for gender concerns on the party agenda. The recent meeting and exchange of views between women's groups and parties on the radical left, however, provided cause for optimism on feminist politics and its impact on revolutionary movements.

Disobedience and Social Sciences

One way of expressing solidarity with the tens of thousands of Iraqis who have suffered in this war is to reject offers of collaboration and support in research in the social sciences and humanities from governments that do not know the meaning of accountability.

Mapping Migration, Gender, Culture and Politics in the Indian Diaspora-Commemorating Indian Arrival in Trinidad

in the Indian Diaspora Commemorating Indian Arrival in Trinidad Kalpana Kannabiran Literature suggests that Indian women came to Trinidad as already independent women who made a conscious decision to move out of the difficult social situations which confronted them in India. These included deserted women, practising prostitutes and brahmin widows. But soon enough they were constrained to accept the androcentric ideal of Indianness which was coterminus with subordination. The image of the Trinidadian Hindu woman is therefore far from empowering. The renewal of Hindu energy in specific forms and in specific contexts has not only meant grappling with the erosion of political space in a racially polarised polity and reclaiming it but also confronting the derogatory images of the community that are based on the institutionalised derogation of women's rights within the community.

Gender in Mainstream Politics-Case of Telugu Desam Party

for the Planning Commission, which was published after some revision in this journal (EPW, May 4, 1991) had placed the level of unrecovered costs (or subsidy) at 14.38 per cent of GDP in 1987-88. Now, despite a reduction in aggregate public expenditures of the centre and states together from 33.4 per cent of GDP in that year to 28.4 per cent in 1994-95, total unrecovered costs still constitute the same 14.4 per cent of GDP as per the latest study, thus implying a significant deterioration in the recovery rates for the user costs of public services. The recovery rate was 34.91 per cent for the centre and 13.91 per cent for the states, or an average of 25.09 per cent, in 1987-88 but they have drastically fallen to 10.7 per cent, 7.0 per cent and 8.2 per cent, respectively. The increase in the reported incidence of subsidy and the drastic fall in the rate of recovery of user costs is neither due to the proliferation of subsidies nor due to an expansion and growth of governmental activities, as it is made out in the government paper. The share of public expenditure as percentage of GDP, as indicated above, has in fact been on a downward trend. Likewise, the 1990s have seen, under the impulse of stabilisation and structural adjustment programmes, a constant endeavour on the part of the governmental authorities to contract subsidies. Thus, the size of explicit subsidies in the central budget as proportion of GDP has come down from (RE). Also, an independent study by the RBI

From Social Action to Political Action-Women and the 81st Amendment

Women and the 81st Amendment Vasanth Kannabiran Kalpana Kannabiran If women manage to push the 81st amendment bill through the parliament, it will topple all current assumptions about hierarchies of caste, class and gender. The legislation will mean large-scale reorganisation of constituency allocation in order to accommodate, women, and thus fewer seats for men. It also creates possibility for an SC woman to represent not only men of her own caste, hut upper caste men and women as well.

Gendering Justice

Kalpana Kannabiran Vasanth Kannabiran What the Rupan Bajaj verdict has accomplished, in an important sense, is the subversion of the patriarehal traditions of the Indian state and a rupture of the boundaries between the political sphere and society, between the home and the world, between the workplace and the street, between classes, forcing us to re-examine our realities and the categories through which we comprehend these realities.

Judiciary, Social Reform and Debate on Religious Prostitution in Colonial India

'Religious Prostitution' in Colonial India Kalpana Kannabiran 'Devadasis' have been a subject of apparently opposed discourses for over a century and a half. On the one hand, various perceptions of them in the colonial period converged in a strong disapproval and condemnation of their moral conduct. On the other hand, both in the colonial period and, more importantly, in post-colonial scholarship, the fact that some of these women were performing artistes of repute provided the ground for a feminist resurrection that separated them from those that did not belong to these privileged traditions and placed them in a newly created space that redefined and respected their freedom, autonomy and creativity.

Caste and Gender Understanding Dynamics of Power and Violence

Caste and Gender: Understanding Dynamics of Power and Violence Vasanth Kannabiran Kalpana Kannabiran The social relations of caste and gender are based on the exercise of power through the use of force. What we witness today in the increasing violence that enforces the maintenance of "order' in relations of caste and gender is the weakening of an absolute power which did not permit the space for the articulation of a grievance and the consequent blurring of carefully drawn lines of demarcation.

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