ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles By Kala Seetharam Sridhar

Reforming Delivery of Urban Services in Developing Countries

Given the importance of urban public services in attracting firm location, increasing employment and facilitating economic growth, this paper takes up Ludhiana as a case study as to whether there is a need for reforming public service delivery when judged against national benchmarks and if there is a relationship between the city's financial performance and its delivery of urban services. The paper finds that user charges do not adequately cover the production costs of supplying water or expenditure on sewerage. The bottlenecks to reforming public service delivery are financial and institutional, as they pertain to existing arrangements for water and sewerage. Possible reform actions to improve service delivery are changes in institutional arrangements for delivery, privatisation, and citizen participation.

Telecommunications and Growth

Given the digital divide between the developed and developing world, and recent findings that mobile phones can bridge this divide, we develop a causal model that analyses the effect of telecom penetration on economic development in developing economies. The paper addresses the following questions to understand the dynamics of this causal connection, i e, is it telecommunication services that accelerates economic growth or overall economic growth that creates the demand for more telecommunication services for their growth to occur? In the context of developing economies, what are the factors that determine demand for and supply of telecom services? Finally, given the importance of telecom infrastructure in growth, what determines changes in telecom penetration in these economies? We present select quantitative and qualitative evidence from a few developing countries to understand the nature of the impact telecommunications has on their economy and society.