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KARNATAKA-Mare on Kolar Goldfield

August 25, 1979 KARNATAKA Mare on Kolar Goldfield K V Subrahmanyam THE early history of the Kolar gold- field is shrouded in the mist of antiquity. The first to suspect that the gold of the ornaments found in Moben- jodaro might be from the Deccan plateau was Sanaullah of the Archaeological Survey of India who (in 1926) noted from chemical analyses that it was not an alloy of gold and copper similar to what was found at Troy, Memphis, Ur or Nineveh, but 'elec- trum', a gold-silver alloy similar to what was being produced in the Kolar goldfield

DVC and Flood Control

DVC and Flood Control K V Subrahmanyam THE West Bengal Finance Minister, Ashok Mitra, told a news conference a few days ago how utterly inadequate the DVC, built to mitigate floods and provide irrigation and power, had proved itself to be in the light of this year's floods. He rightly emphasised the need to review the entire question of flood control and irrigation measures at the national level.

MINING-A Hare-Brained Scheme

 release of these officers was not to be considered as "these were the orders from the higher-ups". (In fact, they were released only in February 1977.) In the words of the Commission:

MINES-Shielding the Guilty of Chasnala

December 17, 1977 Commerce and Industry led by K N Modi which has just returned from a visit to Kenya, Nigeria, Ghana. Liberia and Senegal. On its return, the delegation has proposed that majority equity participation by Indian investors should be allowed in joint ventures abroad. The equity participation could be even hundred per cent in some cases. So far equity participation has been limited to only 10 per cent and the policy has been not to permit a majority share in ventures abroad. It is also suggested that participation in the form only of supply of goods and services from India should no longer be insisted upon, as is the case at present, and Indian businessmen associated in joint ventures should be ready to float global tenders for supply of capital goods, etc, and invite Indian suppliers to compete on that basis. The delegation was accompanied by a senior officer of the Industrial Development Bank of India and he took the initiative to extend to Kenya a commercial credit on competitive terms, nine per cent rate of interest for nine years, the first of its kind. Extension of such lines of credit is necessary, according to him, to back up the export of Indian goods and services in the face of stiff international competition, especially in the case of joint ventures in which Indians will have equity participation and which call for global tenders for the supply of equipment and technical services. It is suggested that IDBI will do more of such business in support of Indian exports.

Indian Goal Mines Graveyard of Miners

Indian Goal Mines: Graveyard of Miners K V Subrahmanyam THE Indian Mines Act, 1901 which closely followed the Coal Mines Regulation Act, 1884 of the UK, provided for the constitution of Courts of Enquiries into mine disasters. From 1901 onwards, down to the declaration of the Emergency in 1975, the Reports of the Courts of Enquiries were released to the public within, at the most, a month of their submission to the concerned Ministry

Package of Practices Approach in Adoption of High-Yielding Varieties - An Appraisal

Introduction MUCH of the research and extension effort in India in connection with the development and release of high-yield- ing varieties (HYVs) since the mid- 1960s has revolved around the concept of a 'package of practices'. Fanners have generally been extolled to adopt the HYVs of crops like paddy, wheat, bajra, jowar and maize along with vastly increased amounts of fertilisers, pesticides, insecticides, etc, to gain maximum benefit from the new technology. The implication which fanners and others seem to derive from the literature on HYVs is that unless they include all parts of the input package at their 'recommended' levels, HYV technology will not be of any benefit. According to the Programme Evaluation Organisation of the Planning Commission {15, pp 159-160] the proportions of Indian farmers adopting all four recommended practices in the and 55.84 per cent for wheat, paddy

Shades of Darkness- The Annals of the Coal Industry

Technology and the consumer have been the twin victims of the interia of the coal mine-owners. As early as 1918, a British mining engineer had emphasised the urgent need of sand-stowing and the use of slack for generation of cheap power. These suggestions were effectively sabotaged, thus sanctifying the pursuit of quick and easy profits at the expense of safety and the consumer.

More on PVC vs PILC Cables

 however, the savings may be only imputational because Jats normally do not work for wages within the agricultural sector. This only suggests that the behaviour of both adopters and non-adopters is economically rational it is, therefore, not surprising if one finds that "the adopters and non-adopters have an almost equal percentage of literate adults in their families".11 It is indicated that the ratio of families with and without urban occupation is 23/6 among adopters and 14/11 among non-adopters. Although the difference is found statistically not significant, yet a larger percentage of families with urban occupation among adopters further aggravates the labour shortage problem in this group.

Aluminium in the Red

Aluminium in the Red K V Subrahmanyam AROUND 1958, in pursuance of the Industrial Policy Resolution of April 1956, the Government of India conceived the idea that the public sector should enter aluminium. Earlier, EMS Namboodiripad, as Chief Minister of Kerala, had announced that Hungary was likely to assist Kerala in setting up an aluminium plant in the State. With the fail of Namboodiri- pad's government, the Government of India thought of locating this venture at Koyna in Maharashtra, but ultimately settled for Korba in Madhya Pradesh, and it took upon itself the role which earlier the Kerala State Government was to play.

PILC or PVC

PILC or PVC? K V Subrahmanyam LONG before Indian entrepreneurs started seeking collaboration agreements with foreign firms for the manufacture of power cables, advancing technology and scarcity of raw materials, especially of lead and copper, had resulted in serious encroachments being made by poly-vinyl-chloride (PVC) cables with aluminium conductors into the preserves of paper-insulated-lead-covered (PILC) cables with copper conductors. How, then, did Government decide to en- courage reckless creation of capacity in the power cable manufacturing industry for the production of goods that were not only far advanced on the highway to obsolescence, but had also to depend on high-cost imported raw materials? The clue to an understanding of this episode, just one among many in post- Independence history, was provided sixty years ago in 1907 by Sir Thomas Holland, FRS, then the Director of the Geological Survey of India, with prophetic foresight when he said: "In this country there is a tendency 10 follow the English model using methods which persist in the old country only because vested interests there involved outweigh the disadvantages due to their continued use. We, however, do not even transplant the methods and machinery up-to-date, but lend ourselves to the acceptance of material about to be discarded in Europe." Since Independence, the tendency to which Holland referred has been sublimitated into an esoteric virtue by the bureaucracy in New Delhi.

Copper in Search of Ashlands

November 11, 1967 ciency of Small Farmers", The July, 1963: Sen. A K, "Size of Holdings and Productivity", 'The Economic Weekly', Annual Number, February, 1964; Khusro, A M, "Returns to Scale in Indian Agriculture", 4The Indian Journal of Agricultural Econo mies', October-December, 1964; and Hanumantha Rao. C H. "Farm Size and the Economics of Scale", 'The Economic Weekly', December

Is Project Hard Rock Necessary

December 17, 1966 social welfare he should be particularly suited to make this contribution. A description of the programmes on this basis would have given an insight to readers at any level. In this way a mere inventory would have come alive as meaningful description.

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