ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Safety Net Programmes: Outreach and Effectiveness

The safety net programmes, which are designed with three main purposes, protection (ex post), insurance (ex ante) and poverty alleviation, offer help to households during a period of crisis. This article evaluates the efficiency, awareness, participation, targeting and distributive outcomes of these programmes, based on household/village-level surveys conducted in Orissa, Madhya Pradesh and Karnataka. In addition, the article pays special attention to the functioning of village-level institutions and social capital. Besides giving an overview of the risks and shocks faced by households in these states, the article shows that the current safety net programmes do not seriously address the health risk. , , ,

Rural Poverty and Its Alleviation in India

Rural Poverty and Its Alleviation in India N Kakwani K Subbarao WE wish to respond to recent comments made by Ranade [1991] oh our paper 'Rural Poverty and Its Alleviation in India' [1990, 1991,1992]. His comments are mainly focused on the decomposition methodology used by us. This methodology enables one to separate the impact on poverty of changes in mean consumption and in its inequality. The methodology has also attracted attention from writers such as Datt and Ravallion [1991] and Jain and Tendulkar [1990]. From these writings it appears that there exists a lot of misunderstanding about the decomposition. The recent comment by Ranade [1991] has made further contribution to this misunderstanding.

Rural Poverty and Its Alleviation in India

Rural Poverty and Its Alleviation in India N Kakwani K Subbarao WE are happy to see a critical scrutiny of our paper [Kakwani and Subbarao 1990] by S Tendulkar and L R Jain (TJ for short hereafter) [Tendulkar and Jain 1990].

On the Relevance of Economic Modelling for Analysis of Food Price Policy

On the Relevance of Economic Modelling for Analysis of Food Price Policy IT is, by now, well known that any movement in agricultural prices has extraordinarily complex repercussions on the allocation of resources in agriculture and in the rest of the economy, on the levels of income and the incidence of absolute poverty, and on the distribution of income and equity. These repercussions occur differentially across commodities in agriculture, across sectors of the economy, across socioeconomic groups, and over time. Even the best-trained mind cannot be relied upon to trace out the maze of effects and trade-offs involved, even less to place quantitative values to the derived changes. And this is where economists have a role to play. Ever though modelling tools are imperfect and the data base they use is approximate, quantitative simulation of movements in agricultural prices in mpdels that attempt to capture the essential structural features of the economy should be of invaluable assistance to policymakers

Regional Variations in Impact of Anti-Poverty Programmes-A Review of Evidence

K Subbarao Under the government's anti-poverty programmes self-employment for the rural poor is sought to be generated by two routes: provision of income-generating non-land assets under the Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP), and equipping the unemployed rural youth of poor households with skills, training and technology in specific trades under the TRYSEM programme. This paper critically examines three recent studies of these pro- grammes in a comparative perspective with particular focus on regional differences and draws some inferences for policy Part I of the paper deals with IRDP and Part II with the TRYSEM programme.

Some Dynamic Aspects of Rural Poverty in India

Irma Adelman K Subbarao Prem Vashishtha Studies on income distribution have tended to be point observations and throw little light on longer-term movements in relative inequality. Analysis of movement in poverty ratios on the basis of data on rural households collected by the NCAER for three years between 1968 and 1971, using probability models, have led the authors of the paper to conclude that long-term trends are divergent for different states. For seven states

Agricultural Price Policy Income Distribution in India

Distribution in India Alain de Janvry K Subbarao The role of food prices and intersectoral terms of trade in stimulating agricultural growth and effecting changes in income distribution has been the subject of bitter controversy in the recent period in India. Much of this controversy, however, arises out of a lack of understanding of the conflicting effects on the net welfare of various social classes that are generated by a given change in the price and/or output of foodgrains.

Poverty, Population and Food

Poverty, Population and Food C H Hanumantha Rao R P Goel K Subbarao India: Occasional Papers, by Montek S Ahluwalia, John Wall, Shlomo Reutlinger, Robert Cassen and Martin Wolf; World Bank Staff Working Paper No 279, Washington, DC, 1978; pp 252.

Producer Levy, Evasion and Income Loss-Empirical Evidence from Coastal Districts of Andhra Pradesh

Empirical Evidence from Coastal Districts of Andhra Pradesh K Subbarao This paper seeks to assess the working of the producer levy scheme in Andhra Pradesh in the recent past, to examine the implications of converting this levy as a potential sourcer of procurement in the state in the near future and to estimate the income loss, if any, sustained by farmers on account of the operation of the compulsory levies during the period 1973-74 DESPITE impressive growth of rice production in Andhra Pradesh since the introduction of the new technology, public procurement of rice as a per cent of output fluctuated significantly during the period 1966-67 to 1975-76. During the last three years of this period (1973-74 to 1975-76), however, procurement of rice was impressive owing primarily to the operation of the compulsory producer levy which accounted for 40-50 per cent of the total rice procurement in the said period (see Table 1). The object of this paper, is to assess the working of the producer levy, scheme in Andhra Pradesh in the recent past, to examine the implications of converting this levy as a potential source of procurement in the state in, the near future and estimate the income loss, if any, sustained by fanners on account of the operation of the compulsory levies during the period 1973-74 to 1975-76.
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