ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

K S SubramanianSubscribe to K S Subramanian

Uneven Treatment

'Countering Naxalism with Development: Challenges of Social Justice and State Security' edited by Santosh Mehrotra, Sage, 2014; pp 189, Rs 795.

Central Bureau of Investigation

Throughout its history the Central Bureau of Investigation has been compromised by its own actions and occasionally by the acts of its directors and political masters. One cannot be optimistic that the CBI can ever function in an independent manner.

"National Security" for whom?

The Intelligence Bureau, owing to the lack of a standard protocol of operations and accountability, often oversteps its limit to go into areas in which it lacks expertise. Unless the government is serious about laying down a charter of duties for the IB its reports will always be used by vested parties to further their own interests.

State Response to Maoist Violence in India: A Critical Assessment

Maoist violence is the consequence of increased atrocities against scheduled castes and scheduled tribes (especially in the central tribal belt) and widespread tribal unrest due to commercialisation of forest resources. Ignoring such analysis and acting primarily on reports by the Intelligence Bureau, which is not equipped to study the multiple complexities of developmental conflicts, the Ministry of Home Affairs has resorted to brute police force to deal with the violence. But, as suggested by several reports, the problem should be handled politically and administratively, implementing the constitutional provisions for dalits and adivasis that have so far been ignored.

Decolonising Rule of Law

Challenging the Rule(s) of Law: Colonialism, Criminology and Human Rights in India edited by Kalpana Kannabiran and Ranbir Singh (New Delhi: Sage Publications), 2008;

Reforms for Indian Police

Reforms for Indian Police The Indian Police: A Critical Evaluation by Arvind Verma; Regency Publications, New Delhi, K S SUBRAMANIAN The misdeeds and oppression, characteristic of the inherited police structure in rural and urban India, came out sharply during the Emergency of 1975-77 and were duly documented in the Shah Commission report. A reform process was initiated in 1977 outlined in detail in the eight reports of the National Police Commission (197981) and in the report of the L P Singh Committee on the role of the Intelligence Bureau (IB), the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) and the Research and Analysis Wing (RAW). However, the Congress, which returned to power in 1980, rejected all these reports. In 1984, the anti-Sikh riots witnessed the participation of the police in the violence against the Sikhs. This was followed by its massive communalisation, leading up to the demolition of the Babri masjid in 1992, the Bombay violence in 1992-93 and the Gujarat carnage in 2002, which witnessed the active participation and facilitation by the police in the mass violence against the minority community. The criminal justice system had collapsed almost completely in large parts of the country, but for some positive actions taken by the National Human Rights Commission and the Supreme Court of India, especially with regard to the horrendous Best Bakery case in Gujarat. Governments led by both the major political formations in India have notably neglected action on the needed police reforms. The present government in New Delhi has, however, made a symbolic gesture recently by setting up a narrowly conceived committee to redraft the Police Act of 1861, still in force. This is a positive step but is well short of the comprehensive reforms that are called for.

Rights, Reforms and Justice

An Essential Handbook Handbook of Human Rights and Criminal Justice in India: The System and Procedure compiled by South Asia Human Rights Documentation Centre; Oxford University Press, 2005;

Reflections on Naxalism in Chhattisgarh

A visit to Chhattisgarh is an opportunity to understand the human and social reality behind the bureaucratic perceptions of the Naxalite movement and the people of Bastar.

Police and Politics in India

Colonial Concepts, Democratic Compulsions: Indian Police by Kirpal Dhillon; Manohar, New Delhi, 2005; K S SUBRAMANIAN The author of this well produced but inordinately long book has had rich experience as the director general of police in the two important states of Madhya Pradesh and Punjab. The work is a sequel to his earlier study of the Indian police, covering the period up to the end of the colonial era. It is ambitious in scope and seeks to deal with the crucial area of police and politics since 1947. The author

Nehru as a Political Administrator

people from the Indian political process and led up finally to the active insurgency, Nehru as a Political which started in 1989. Naga Issue Administrator K S SUBRAMANIAN Ramachandra Guha

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