ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

K Ravi RamanSubscribe to K Ravi Raman

Corporate Violence, Legal Nuances and Political Ecology

The verdict by the Kerala High Court against the Perumatty panchayat shows the judicial apathy towards a struggle symbolic of the effort to assert control over natural resources that the people rightfully see as theirs. A critical analysis of the expert committee report that has influenced the verdict to an extent.

Muthanga: The Real Story

The tragic events at Muthanga in Kerala earlier this year were a culmination of adivasi frustrations over the failure of successive governments in the state to restore adivasi land despite several judicial directives and the existence of laws enacted for the purpose, such as the KSA Act of 1975. Instead attempts were made to amend the act which was later wholly repealed. The protest of the adivasis at Muthanga met with brutal repression by the government. But chastened by the public anger at the police action, the government now remains immobilised in the face of a series of fresh land occupations by adivasis in the Kerala part of the Western Ghats. If the government were to handover the land in Muthanga to the adivasis and make other lands available to landless adivasi families and bring all adivasi regions under Schedule V of Article 244 which provides for participatory self-rule and autonomy, it would herald a new era in adivasi history.

Logan's Malabar

William Logan’s Malabar Manual introduced? edited? authored? by P J Cherian et al; Gazetteers Department, Government of Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram, 2000; Vol 1, pp 750, Vol 2, pp ccccxxii, Rs 900, $ 50 (two volumes).

Breaking New Ground

For over 25 years, the agitation waged over the restoration of alienated tribal land in Kerala had languished as successive state governments chose to ignore several court directives. Yet the unusual mode of struggle waged recently by the ADSS drew unprecedented tribal support. The negotiations that followed with the state government broke new ground as well, as the adivasis sought concessions that marked a departure from previously legislated acts.

Multinational versus Farmers Co-operative

by government, it is necessary that for the dry farming areas, in which all nutrients are not economical, the quantity of complex fertilisers allocated should be drastically reduced. Product availability and profitability of manufacture and marketing should not overpower scientists' decision on profitability to farmers.

Of Cochin Stock Exchange and What It Means

It Means THE illustration: a well-dressed young man intently gazing at the computer screen. The bold caption: "I was studying and I wanted to make money fast. So I became a stock broker's assistant". The full-page advertisement of the Cochin Stock Exchange (CSE) which appeared in leading news dailies proceeds to narrate the story of a man who found his own career. Like other unemployed "youths of Kerala, he had mailed a thousand applications for jobs, all in vain. But his visit to the CSE provided the lucky turn. The young man became a sub-broker, started distributing application forms for new issues; began to earn a steady income through commissions; bought a motorbike, set up an office; became an authorised assistant and finally a broker, 'bought a car, built a house, married a lovely girl'. The advertisement ends with an appeal to 'create an investing revolution in Kerala instead of ones we are used to'.

Mavoor Rayons Accord-Left-Front Government on Its Knees

would mean that GATT has been given a shot in the arm, at a much needed time. The most important area of disagreement at Montrealt indeed the subject on which the Uruguay Round was poised to derail, was that of agriculture and the problem of farm subsidies. This was on top of the US agenda and the US insisted that the Montreal meeting agrees to resolve that in the long term all trade-distorting farm subsidies be 'eliminated'. The conference got stuck on words with the EC willing to use the term 'reduced' rather than Eliminated', According to press reports the Roget's Thesaurus was brought in to find an acceptable third word and failure to do so forced the meeting to be extended by a day. At the end of the day it was decided that the mid-term review would be reconvened in April 1989 to find a consensus on all outstanding issues. In the meanwhile the GATT director-general will negotiate with the US, EC and other members to prepare an acceptable document. Until then all agreements in other areas will be put in the freezer to be thawec at the April meeting. As Arthur Dunkell, GATT's director-general, shuttles across the Atlantic through the winter, trying to hammer out a consensus between the EC and the US on farm subsidies (attempting to achieve in four months what was not possible over two years) he will have Shelley on his.mind: "If winter comes, can spring be far behind?" But, will the spring of 1989 see the greening of GATT?

KERALA-Planter at Large, Labour at Crossroads

thousand workers. The cost to the excheque by way of retrenchment compensation as a statutory obligation is estimated to be Rs 250 crore. This gives an inkling of the scale and dimensions of the wider scheme for the closure or privatisation of industrial units in the public sector and the much talked of 'golden handshake' that is proposed to be offered to workers in public sector enterprises. At the end of the plan period, therefore, the position of the public sector in the industrial structure of the country will be significantly diluted. The role of public sector will then be limited to the provision of infrastructural support to private enterprise in the industrial development process.

Plantation Labour Revisit Required

ideology as well. Planners in China have ignored the fact that patriarchal thinking, the ideology of the men's family, pervades every aspect of Chinese society and continues to impede women's full participation in political process and organisation of the economy. The Marriage Law of 1950 did not aim at destroying the family, but it did seek to transform power relations within a patriarchal, multigeneration domestic unit. Later, however, it was left to the natural erosion expected to result from other socialist changes. The argument was that family ties, vitalised by ideology and emotions, bind together labouring individuals (both able-bodied and semi-able-bodied men and women) and secure for members an equal share in the product of labour; such ties and affection help them in their historic struggle against class oppression. What was not realised was that social relations within the family were not fully transformed and the sexual division of labour was likely to engender patriarchally constructed hierarchy and the relations of dominance and subordination between men and women.
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