ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

A K RajuladeviSubscribe to A K Rajuladevi

Food Poverty and Consumption among Landless Labour Households

In this study of food insecurity among India's poor, the food intake of landless agricultural labour households was measured twice, to find variations between slack and peak seasons. Within and between wet and dry villages the 'caste' differences in food intake between backward castes (BCs) and scheduled castes (SCs) were examined. Findings showed that the majority of sample households survived on cereals, and had only one main meal per day, a stark indicator of food insecurity. Female-headed households were the most adversely affected 'poverty group' in the study villages irrespective of caste. The landless peoples' lack of basic needs (clothing, shelter, household equipment, and health care) revealed much more of their utter destitution than conventional food intake.

Profiles in Poverty

This study attempts to examine the relations of production and household reproduction in two distinctively different regions - wet and dry eco-types - of Tamil Nadu. Caste appears to be a major influence on landless women's participation in rice agriculture. But mainly the play of eco-types in production relation recreated landless households' human poverty. This study challenges the long-held assumption that green revolution wet areas are 'green and plentiful' and their primary producers have enough to eat.
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