ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

K R G NairSubscribe to K R G Nair

BPL Census and Alternative

In view of clear indications now that the proposed Food Security Act will not be adopting a universal approach, the recent piece by Jean Drèze and Reetika Khera (EPW, 27 February 2010) assumes particular significance. The authors start their paper by pointing out that the proposed below-the-poverty-...

Malnourishment among Children in India: A Regional Analysis

This paper analyses inter-state differentials in malnourishment among children in India on the basis of the National Family Health Survey, 1992-93, 1998-99 and 2005-06. It brings out the prevalence of widespread disparities and indicates that these differentials are increasing over time. The study clearly reveals that such differentials do not always vary with the extent of poverty prevalent among the people of the state. Also the higher the age at which women have their first child and the earlier the start of breast feeding of newborn children, the less is the prevalence of child malnourishment. It finds the Integrated Child Development Services suited to tackle these aspects and makes a plea to extend it and make it more oriented towards reducing child malnourishment.

Kerala's Development Experience

Experience K R G NAIR The development experience of Kerala is somewhat of a jigsaw puzzle for social science researchers all over the world. Kerala, hence, continues to be a much-researched state of India. The articles by Achin Chakraborty (AC) and K P Kannan (KP) (EPW, February 5, 2005) propounded, from slightly different angles, a new proposition that the state is on the verge of entering a virtuous cycle of growth. Though I disagree with some of their arguments and feel that a number of relevant points made by them need to be researched further, I find myself agreeing with their basic proposition. I am, hence, somewhat taken aback when the piece by M A Oommen, (MA) (which appeared in the EPW on April 20, 2005), quite critical of the two earlier pieces, attempts to

A Much Studied State

K R G Nair Industrialisation in Kerala: Status of Current Research and Future Issues by P M Pillai and N Shantha; Centre for Development Studies, Thiruvananthapuram,

Reservation Policy for Small Industries

Reservation Policy for Small Industries K R G Nair THE dismissal, in the reply by Bala Subrahmanya (1995b), of my comments [Nair 1995], as just another emotional outburst to illogically justify the continuation of technologically inefficient small scale sector at the cost of the more efficient large sector, is patently irrational. He seems to have overlooked my very explicit statement that in cases where there are no economies of large-scale production and a small producer chooses to remain small despite this, a policy of reservation will abet this tendency and thus stand in the way of competition and hence of efficiency. Such underlying logic, can, by no stretch of imagination, be dubbed as blind enthusiasm to favour the reserved SSI sector.

Reservation Policy for Small Industry

limit approaches AD, where the equilibrium reverts to the free trade scenario as the monopolist finds it more profitable to supply AC to the domestic market. If transport costs are arbitrarily small, this occurs when the quota is arbitrariIy close to AD, and we can ignore it for practical purposes.

New Economic Policy and Development of Backward Regions-A Note on Orissa

Backward Regions A Note on Orissa K R G Nair This note examines the impact of the government's new economic policy (NEP) on regional economic development with reference to Orissa, one of the least developed states of India. The author discusses the development of the economy of Orissa and brings out the causes of Orissa's relative economic backwardness. The likely impact of the NEP on the development of a less developed region like Orissa is then examined and the main findings are brought together in the concluding part of the note.

MNC Invasion of Indian Soft Drink Industry

Soft Drink Industry K R G Nair THE late 50s witnessed a Cola war on the Indian soil The two multinational soft drink giants

Issues Before Finance Commission

the Kerala agrarian movement. But my data and analysis uncover hitherto unrecognised leaders and demystifies the old leadership. Thus the critical role played by Ayyankali, the Dalit leader, in the mobilisation of his castemen and the acutely conservative position taken by Ramakrishna Pillai, the high caste revolutionary, are highlighted in my analysis. The reviewer should know that the activity called research is addressed to two- tasks: generating locating new data and/or providing new interpretations to the existing data. There is no point in repeating already well known facts and arguments. But I am appalled that such allegations, as are advanced, come from those who champion the cause of the people and those who mouth the slogan, the "real history is people's history!" The reviewer thinks that had l consulted the communist party documents and talked to the top leadership l would have arrived at the correct picture. I am sorry, he misses the whole point of the study. I did consult the official party documents and talk to some of the top party leaders. But I kept these versions in abeyance, my purpose was to present an alternative perspective.

Issues before Ninth Finance Commission

now the responsibility of the NFC to decide about the level of revenue expenditure keeping in view the long-term norms in various fields of expenditure and the Planning Commission will have to take those figures as given and determine the annual plan expenditure for 1989-90 S GUHAN in his article 'Issues before the IX Finance Commission: On Closing the Pandora's Box' (EPW, Vol 23, No 6, February 6, pp 253-272) has very rightly stressed the point that the plan revenue outgo has to be matched by additional resource mobilisation in terms of increase in tax and non-tax revenue and reduction in non-plan revenue expenditure. His basic proposition that the task before the IX Finance Commission would be one of evolving equitable techniques for vertical and horizontal deficit-sharing rather than gap- filling is indisputable. Refreshing and welcome are also the fact that, unlike most others discussing centre-state financial relations, he has taken a total picture of the centre and the states together, instead of entirely harping on the much-flogged centre vs states controversy.

Regional Dimensions

Regional Dimensions K R G Nair Indian Economy: The Regional Dimension by Amitabh Kundu and Moonis Raza; Spektrum, New Delhi, 1982; Rs 70. THIS sleek little book is a refreshing addition to the small but growing volume of literature on regional development in India. Most such analysis usually steers clear of economic history though the need for a historical perspective to any analysis of economic development is universally recognised. 1 But this work, though concerned only with the period 1961-71, gives due importance to such a perspective, there being even a section with that heading in each of the chapters.

Thin Spread on Regional Development

exclusively from his understanding of the scriptures and that, therefore, his interpretation of the scriptures may not necessarily be of practical utility in changing our socio-cultural order. It is pertinent to point out that a tinge of revivalism and obscurantism is unmistakably discernible in Gandhiji's writings on Indian philosophy and religion in spite of his unquestionably remarkable stature otherwise.

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