ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

K Narayanan NairSubscribe to K Narayanan Nair

Change and Transformation in Rural South India

A research project on village studies to analyse the facets of rural change and transformation in the southern states noted vastly different patterns of transformation in various states, and also that the pace and directions of change differed across villages, regions and states.

Appraising Operation Flood

Appraising Operation Flood K Narayanan Nair Operation Flood: An Appraisal of Current Indian Dairy Policy by Shanti George; Oxford University Press, 1985; pp 320, Rs 150.

Land Hunger and Deforestation-Case Study of Cardamom Hills in Kerala

Case Study of Cardamom Hills in Kerala P Sivanandan D Narayana K Narayanan Nair The Cardamom Hills Reserve in the evergreen forests in the High Ranges of Kerala has been heavily denuded and put under crops unsuitable for the area. Not only has this resulted in a decline in soil fertility and productivity, but it has had a deleterious effect on cardamom cultivation as well.

Education Employment and Landholding Pattern in a Tamil Village

Education Employment and Landholding Pattern in a Tamil Village K Narayanan Nair P Sivanandan V C V Retnam Kadathuchery is a small village in Kanyakumari district. Its distinctive feature is its mono-caste Harijan population with very high levels of literacy.

Linking Irrigation with Development-The Kerala Experience

the poor, then the appropriate performance index would be not just th- head-count ratio but the Sen-index. VII Conclusions It has been shown that the revised population estimates which incorporate the results of the 1981 census corrected for under-enumeration, would lead to an estimated 334 million poor in 1981-82 under the assumption of distributional neutrality of growth where growth in per capita expenditure (PCE) is inclusive of the additional consumption generated by IRDP. A netting out of additional consumption generated by IRDP pushes up this figure to 340 million (Table 5, line 4)'. If we subs tract from this, 11 million people who could plausibly have been pushed above the poverty line by IRDP the estimated incidence of poverty in 1981-82 would be 46.50 per cent or 329 million poor instead of 41.50 per cent or 282 million poor. It must be stressed that even this estimate of the poor assumes at the very minimum that the groups which are deemed to have been pushed up by growth did experi ence the average growth rate in their PCEs. If even this assumption does not hold, .is is likely in the urban case, the number of urban poor and hence the total ' (rural plus urban) poverty population would be higher.

An Approach to Study of Irrigation- Case of Kanyakumari District

This paper seeks to develop an integrated approach to analysis of the physical, techno economic, organisational and institutional aspects of irrigation systems. Certain analytical devices are first formulated to make clear distinctions among the components of irrigation systems and these are then applied to a concrete case. The authors have selected Kanyakumari district for their case study, mainly because scarcity of water and consequent crop failures have been frequent in the tail-end areas of this district in recent years. The last section of the paper briefly outlines some issues thrown up by the study which call for further research.

Technological Change in Milk Production-A Review of Some Critical Issues with Reference to South Africa

Milk production in south Asian countries has been Raining increasing importance in recent years, as is evident from the substantial rise in the scale of investment in dairying and the changing technology of dairy production. To aid this development effort, there has been large-scale import of capital and technology from the developed countries and the international lending institutions.

Alternative to Operation Flood II Strategy

K Narayanan Nair M G Jackson Breeding and Feeding for Milk Production in Operation Flood II by National Dairy Development Board, Anand; pp 101, Rs 35, THE document 'Breedings and Feeding for Milk Production in Operation Flood II prepared and published by the National Dairy Development Board is intended to generate discussion among research workers, planners and administrators who are concerned with India's dairy, planning. Apart from outlining the economic rationale behind the Operation Flood II strategy, the document also highlights the technical programmes for breeding and feeding of milch animals in India during the eighties and beyond. Our review of this document is divided into three sections: Section I briefly describes the salient features of the Operation Flood II strategy, Section II points out its weaknesses, and Section III outlines an alternative and more effective strategy.

Studies on India s Cattle Economy

Studies on India's Cattle Economy K Narayanan Nair The Cattle Economy of India by V M Dandekar; Indian Secular Society, Pune, 1980; pp 79, Rs 12.

Livestock Development Policy Choices

role. They are the major source of motive power in agriculture, provide basic nutrient in crop production and supply animal protein for human consumption in the form of milk and meat. Besides, the by-products from this sector support a large number of industries. It is against this background that Mishra has addressed a basic question namely, how to increase the output and services from bovine-holdings. Broadly Mishra's analysis of this question runs into three parts: chapters 1 and 2 provide an introduction to India's bovine economy; in the subsequent chapters from three to five the linkage between agriculture and livestock sector and the relations within the livestock sector and how shifts in these relationships could maximise milk and meat output from livestock- holdings are analysed; and in the remaining chapters the planning choices in livestock development are discussed. The analytical framework developed and the results obtained from its empirical verification in chapters three to five are the basis on which the planning exercises in chapters six and seven are built.

Operation Flood Some Constraints and Implications

Operation Flood: Some Constraints and Implications K Narayanan Nair SURENDRA SINGH'S article on the Operation Flood II makes interesting reading.1 The main thrust of his paper is that there is shortage of feeds and fodder in India and that it will get worsened in the OF II period (1978- 85) with the increase in numbers of crossbreed milch cattle. And the land requirement for meeting the feed and fodder deficits are exceedingly large and it will increase at a rapid rate in the OF II period, The worsening of shortage of feeds and fodder will hit the small producers the hardest and therefore the prospects of their being able to derive benefits from this pro- ject also will be very bleak. It is further argued that, as in the case of high yielding varieties of crops, the new technology of milk production will be confined mostly to the highly irrigated and agriculturally prosperous regions in the country. This comment is intended to point out some of the limitations of Surendra Singh's paper, especially his estimates of feeds and fodder, and highlights the implications of the shortage of animal feeds for the success of the Operation Flood Project. Besides we will also examine the implications of the large-scale investment in the dairy sector which is expected to be a major instrument for providing employment and income for the weaker sections of the rural households.

To Butcher or Not to Batcher-Cattle Holdings and Milk and Meat Production in Kerala

Advocates of banning of cow slaughter, in support of which demand Vinoha Bhave has started, a fast from April 22, like to claim that their case rests on the rational economic argument that slaughter of cows reduces milk production and harm the livestock economy and agricultural production.


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