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Stars and Shadows in Madras

January 19, 1985 policies would not change. But the attempt to interpret these elections as a vote for Indian nationalism would be made. This will give Rajiv Gandhi his first advantage.

YUGOSLAVIA-Tito s New Troubles

liberties has gained momentum. The Youth League of the pro-Moscow Com- munist Party (which forms part of the United Front Government) came out with demands for the lifting of the emergency, for the appointment of a commission on policeand army atrocities and the release of the Trotskyist MP and youth leader, Vasudeva Nananayak- ara, and other Leftists being held in prison. This resolution was suppressed by the Communist Party which is fighting a battle within the party against a dissident faction of young members- Many trade unions have also voiced demands for an ending of the emergency. One of the island's larger [CP (Moscow) ] unions, the Public Service Workers Trade Union Federation (PSWTUF) has started a campaign to press for re-establishment of civil rule fn Ceylon and the removal of restrictions on trade unions. For example the All-Ceylon Compositors Union which is allied to the PSWTUF, while making a list of twelve demands involving the cost of living, wages and trade union rights has also called upon the Soviet Union, China and all socialist coun- tries to refrain from giving any type of military or economic aid to the Ceylon Government as long as emergency regulations continue and people arc deprived of their democratic rights and as long as the Government fails to implement its electoral promises to nationalise banks, plantations, large companies and agency houses. The Ceylon . Mercantile Union, led by dissident Trotskyist, Bala Tampoe, has courageously challenged the actions of the Government right from the start of the repression last April.

SOVIET UNION-Modest Upgrading of Plan

December 18, 1971 SOVIET UNION Modest Upgrading of Plan K Krishna Moorthy THE current Soviet five-year plan for 1971-75 has been modified to approach in several respects the levels' envisaged for 1970 in the plans formulated by the late Nikita Khrushchev in 1961. The announcement of the upgrading of the current plan was made by Soviet Prime Minister, Alexei Kosygin, in the Supreme Soviet towards the end of last mouth.

Poland s New Style Party

November 20, 1971 invite sharp US reaction. The Senate vote turning down the foreign aid bill brings the Third World' countries face to face with reality. The bill might be resurrected to help countries most subservient to the United States. But the position of countries like Peru will harden. All this naturally has serious implications for US investment and loan policies, Peru, aware of all this perhaps, has reaffirmed its decision to reject 'aid' and base its economic development on the efforts of its people and take an increasingly Third World position'. Peru has been fighting the tendency to seek investment and financing from a single area. Now European and Asian countries, both capitalist and socialist, have opened their markets for Peruvian exports and have shown a willingness to provide capital. This is the context in which Peru and India signed the three-year trade agreement.

Tito and Brezhnev Outward Cementing

October 30, 1971 handled by the Gujarat State Marketing Co-operative Society. This society should have centres all over the state, but in fact does not. Ideally there should be a depot within five miles of a farmer's residence. It would be better if private initiative is encouraged in this field, but the government is unfortunately committed to promoting cooperatives.

BELGRADE-Model Based on Myth

BELGRADE Model Based on Myth K Krishna Moorthy HOW applicable is the Yugoslav system as a model for other countries? This is a question which is asked repeatedly in Eastern and Western Europe and in the developing countries. The answer is that it is not a model for wholesale adoption by any other country. One of the great myths about Yugoslavia is that because of its constant quarrels with the West and the Soviet Union it has developed itself with its own resources. Yugoslav propaganda media try to give the impression that the country is simultaneously battling threats from the West as well as the Soviet Union, Diplomats posted in Belgrade, especially those from non-aligned countries, have often been ignorant of the immense political and economic support that Yugoslavia has received from the West. Reputed Western newspa- pers have also fallen prey to giving the Yugoslavs much more than their due by harping on the "poor flow of aid" to Tito. Nothing is farther from the truth. Foreign aid is one thing that Tito has rarely lacked.

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