ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Dictatorship, Democracy and Institutions

Using a systematic comparison of reform period policy choices and outcomes in China and India, this article explores the hypothesis that macroeconomic policies are influenced by the political structure. China's low but positive real interest rates, facilitated by greater exchange rate volatility, and high infrastructure investment allowed it to outperform India in its first post-reform decade. Political structure did lead to specific inefficiencies in macroeconomic outcomes, but macro-institutional changes exist that can improve policy. More openness under similar labour endowments gives both countries the opportunity to commit to more effective, stable and yet stimulatory macroeconomic institutions and policies.

Paryavaran Pathshalas

A joint forest management programme in Rajasthan has achieved success by linking afforestation to a priority need of the local communities - primary education. The paryavaran pathshalas set up by the forest department in several villages in Jaisalmer district point to a possible integrated development approach and also help foster an enduring partnership between stakeholders and resources of a region.

Conserving Biodiversity-Need for Statutory Support

up of the maktab as a ploy to win votes, the sarpanch is making arrangements to house it in a more permanent building. He hopes to turn it into a girls' school where both secular and religious subjects will be taught It is only by combining the two. he says, that the Meos will be able to appreciate the value of girls' education.

Wildlife and Indigenous People

While the present condition of wildlife and their habitats impose heavy constraints on making provisions for ensuring the mutual sustainability of indigenous people, there is sufficient scope in the current legislation to re-establish the coexistence of people and natural resources.
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