ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles By K J Joseph

Innovations and Firm Performance in Informal Manufacturing Enterprises

Based on an empirical analysis of 300 informal manufacturing firms in the National Capital Region of Delhi, the paper finds that innovative firms exhibit higher productivity growth and sales growth, underscoring the significance of the local market for informal manufacturing enterprises. This paper further provides empirical evidence on the firm-level innovations and their implications for the informal sector, which is the key source of employment, livelihood, and social transformation.

 

In Search of a More Innovative Innovation Index for India

The construction of the India Innovation Index, following the Global Innovation Index, by the NITI Aayog and the Institute for Competitiveness, is a timely initiative that gained significant traction in academic and policy circles. However, it is shown that III could be made more robust by strengthening its analytical foundations by characterising India’s innovation system from a southern perspective and locating more appropriate indicators that capture the process of innovation at the national and subnational levels in India.

In Memoriam: K K Subrahmanian

This tribute to K K Subrahmanian, a profound scholar and a wonderful human being, who passed away on 16 October, commemorates his contributions as a teacher, adviser, innovator and a writer. His liberal approach towards sharing knowledge makes him stand head and shoulders above many in terms of the human capital he generated and the social capital he acquired.

ASEAN-India Pact and Plantations: Realities of the Myths

The opposition to the ASEANIndia free trade agreement, particularly from the plantation sector of Kerala, is founded on simple static analytics - a tariff cut will reduce protection, increase imports and result in a price crash. However, a more dynamic approach reveals that imports are not only dependent on tariff reduction, but equally on productivity differences, the structure of markets and the exchange rate. Moreover, the FTA takes into account the threat of import competition through safeguard measures when there is substantial injury to domestic producers. The primary issues lie in the sphere of production, agricultural research and innovation, rather than protection under the FTA.

Can Trade Liberalisation Bridge the Digital Divide? Assessing the Information Technology Agreement

This article analyses the impact of trade liberalisation on information and communication technology use and production in developing countries after the Information Technology Agreement came into force. Using empirical evidence on the global exports of ita goods and the performance of different groups of ita member-countries, the article makes the case for complementing trade liberalisation with capacity-building so that the ita could become an effective strategy for developing countries to bridge the digital divide. Substantial capabilities in ict production and use have been developed by some developing countries, which provide fresh ideas for a southern system of ict innovation for development.