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DAR-ES-SALAAM-Nigeria at the Crossroads

of frozen semen from the United States unci Canada to improve Soviet cattle breeds. Tinsupply of fertilisers to Soviet farms in 1970 is reported to have reached 46 million tons. The deliveries in 1975 are planned at 72 million tons. The vested interests of the defence and heavy industry lobbies will certainly try to fight back at the first available oppor tunity, But their ability to push through changes in the plan will depend on the international situation. The Soviet rulers will be able to ignore the increasing pressures of consumer demand only if the country is faced with external threats. To that extent, the draft plan is at the mercy of the Chinese and the Americans.

DAR-ES-SALAAM-The Arusha Declaration

DAR-ES-SALAAM The Arusha Declaration A K Essack A MARKED feature of the nationalist movements which were lighting for independence in the fifties was their low ideological content. This, however, was but one stage in the development of the awakening of Africa. Workers, peasants, intellectuals and the petit bourgeoisie all united to end the rule of the colonial power. What was not clarified or thoroughly discussed was what type of society was to emerge after independence.

DAR-ES-SALAAM-Guinean Lesson for Africa

December 26, 1970 naire theologians and their argument that change is taboo under the eternal law of Islam, It appears that this new generation is unwilling to be blackmailed in the name of Islam. As one commentator explained: ''Mr Bhutto's political campaign lay not so much in socialism as in modernism. As against an entire set of political parties which talked in terms of theological doctrines. Mr Bhutto talked in terms of the day-to-day problems of the people and used a language which is both fresh and familiar to them".

DARES-SALAAM-Spectre that Haunts the West

DARES-SALAAM Spectre that Haunts the West A K Essack A MONTH has passed since the meeting of 61 nations and several national liberation organisations in Lusaka. There have already been results emanating from the Conference, as seen in the resolution of 32 nations of this group at the UN, calling for a reirnpo- sition of the embargo on the sale of arms to South Africa. A week ago there was also the announcement that Yugoslavia, India and the UAR had formed a nucleus which has the potentialities for developing into a common market of non-aligned countries.

SOUTHERN AFRICA-New Look in the Church

SOUTHERN AFRICA New Look in the Church ?
A K Essack IT was expected that, sooner or later, the World Council of Churches would be forced to take up a position with regard to the armed struggle in Southern Africa. The decision of the Council to donate 1,400,000 shillings to Freedom Fighters suggested that it had at last made up its mind. The amount is nominal, both in relation to the Church's vast financial resources and the needs of the Freedom Fighters. But its contribution signifies that the Church has 'chosen' now between the Fascist white minority regimes of Vorster, Smith and Caetano, and the national liberation movements. The donation was accompanied by much fanfare. And it was this which underscored the fact that the choice has been motivated more by the desire to save the Church in Southern Africa than by any wish to help the national movements here. The World Council of Churches has never thought of donating anything for the rehabilitation of the people in Indo-China. In fact, not humanitarianism so much as self-preservation has dictated its new stance in Southern Africa.

LUSAKA- Shadows over the Summit

September 19, 1970 perls at the Centre and the State. In reality, the conflict is not legal, but political. The place of the sugar industry in UP politics is crucial Every major party is financed by it. What is worse, some political leaders draw veritable privy purses from the sugar magnates. The postponement of a decision on the industry's nationalisation was, therefore, inevitable since every major political party needs funds for 1972.

DAR-ES-SALAAM-The Relevance of Non-Alignment

The Relevance of Non-Alignment A K Essack ALTHOUGH Tanzania played host to the preparatory meeting of the non- aligned countries earlier this year, and although its President gave a reasoned and logical exposition defending non- alignment, it was soon evident that he was not able to convince all the country's intellectuals about its relevance. Controversy broke out and the Nationalist, official organ of the ruling TANU (Tanganyika African National Union) party, opened its columns and invited supporters and critics of non-alignment to present their views.

Armed Struggle in Southern Africa

A K Essack While Vietnam attracts most of the attention, several protracted struggles for national liberation are taking place in Southern Africa. The nationalist movements in the Portuguese colonies of Angola and Mozambique now control large sections of these two territories. This has alarmed South Africa which has become increasingly involved, militarily and economically, in shoring up the Portuguese and the Rhodesians.

A Call to Arms

ii) Branches of the State Bank of India at places where there is no branch of its Subsidiary Banks conducting Government treasury work.
Applications for Kerala State Development Loan will also be received at Treasuries and Sub- Treasuries in the State of Kerala at places where there is no branch of the State Bank of India or or its subsidiaries conducting Government Treasury work.

The Tanzam Railway

selves once again.
The return of de Gaulle to power in France certainly contributed to the resurgence of European nationalism, His refusal to allow Britain into the Common Market was not due to my tears for the Community itself but from a belief that such a move was contrary to France's own interests. But the resurgence of French nationalism was, partly, at any rate, a response to the steadily growing German nationalism. De Gaulle had hoped to restrain the Germans by embracing them (hence the Franco-German Treaty of Friendship). Confronted with the failure of this policy Pompidou has decided instead to seek the help of the British, 'rven if this means enlarging the Common Market to include them.

The Enlightened and the Cramped

The Enlightened and the Cramped A K Essack WHITE South Africa goes to the polls this month. The major issues in the elections will be basically the same as it was in 1910, namely, how to frustrate and stunt the development of the mass of the voteless and rightless Africans, Coloureds and Indians. The four parties wooing the white voters are Nationalist Party of Balthazaar Vorster, Hersigte Nationalist Party of Albert Hertzog; United Party of De Villiers Graaf, and Progressive Party backed by South Africa's leading mining magnate, Harry Oppenheimer. The former two derive their voting strength from the Afrikaans-speaking section of the white population, while the latter two are supported by English-speaking whites.

Lusaka Manifesto in Retrospect

Western Europe, the political, no less than economic, consequences for the two Super Powers


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