ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Neo-Colonialism in Southern Africa

Neo-Colonialism in Southern Africa A K Essack Rhodesia File by Kwame Nkrumah; PANAF. 1976; pp 168. RHODESIA'S Ian Smith has begun to lose his nerve as the rising tide of liberation is beginning to pound and lash his crumbling fortress. Like those floundering amidst the angry waves, he has sent an SOS to the British Government to save him. In a highly confidential report, his own security forces have indicated that militarily Smith's forces will be in no position to halt the guerilla attacks. This is indeed the end of the road for Ian Smith and his illegal regime is doomed and the dustbin of history is waiting to receive him.

WEST ASIA- Growing Support for Palestinian Struggle

 silt-choked locations in the upper reaches of the Ganga are cleared, a water-transport service can be operated between Allahabad and Calcutta and as far as down to the Bay, Some northern states are already running such services on navigable stretches. A Patna-Banaras service, for example, is highly popular. This is proposed to be extended upto Etawa after silted spots en rotite are cleared. The CIWTChas also a proposal to run a Haldia-Allahabad steamer service.

Bourgeois Marxism in Chile

Bourgeois Marxism in Chile A K Essack The Chilean Road to Socialism edited by Ann Zammit; Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex; pp 460.

The PAIGC Holds Its Second Congress

September 8, 1973 The PAIGC Holds Its Second Congress A K Essack IT was on January 21, 1973 that Amilcar Cabral fell to the bullets of assassins. He joined the illustrious band and heroes and martyrs like Patrice Lumumba and Mondlane who have been murdered by the colonialists. Knowing the ruthless nature of the colonialists he will not be the last to be assassinated. The colonialists really believe that by these dastardly crimes they can liquidate liberation movements. After Cabral's assassination the Portuguese launched a massive propaganda campaign to sow confusion in the PAIGC (the Guinea-Bissau liberation movement) and used the most foul methods of racialism to try and divide its leadership and demoralise its rank and file.

SOUTH AFRICA- The British Investment in Apartheid

 SOUTH AFRICA The British Investment in Apartheid A K Essack THE revelation by The Guardian (London) of the starvation wages paid to African workers in South Africa raised a hornet's nest and many British companies got stung. For decades, British companies have encouraged and abetted the official policy of segregation and apartheid and extracted fat profits for themselves by plundering the human and other resources of South Africa. Now with The Guardian'a revelations they cannot hide the facts any more, for it has been shown that it is they who, more than any one else, have been involved in the exploitation of the South African oppressed.

SOUTH YEMEN- West Asia s Only Socialist State

West Asia's Only Socialist State FOR Salim AH Robayyi, Chairman of the Presidential Council of the Democratic Republic of Yemen (formerly the British colony and protectorate of Aden), Ali Nasser, its Prime Minister, and Abdul Fattar Ismail, Secretary-General of the National Liberation Front (NLF), a revolution begins to rot once it is taken over by bureaucrats. A revolution in order to retain its momentum and vitality must go on uninterruptedly from phase to phase. For its own health it has to be a permanent revolution.

DAR-ES-SALAAM-Botswana Tries to Break the Ring

Botswana Tries to Break the Ring A K Essack PRESIDENTS Kaunda of Zambia and Seretse Khama of Botswana have recently met again. No communique was issued, but there is little doubt that both are very concerned about speeding up the construction of the proposed Botswana-Zambia (Botzam) highway which is to link the two countries. The road is to be built from Francistown in Botswana to Livingstone in Zambia and will be 400 miles long. At the Zambesi river, which marks the border between the two countries, two terminals are to be constructed, one on each bank of the river. Ferry boats designed to carry lorries and heavy cargo are also part of this $ 6 million project. A bush road already exists between Francistown and the Zambian border. The new highway will, however, be an all-weather road.

DAR-ES-SALAAM-Namibian Struggle Enters New Phase

January 8, 1972 "What will you do for currency?" a reporter asked him. Panni had a ready reply; "We will use Pakistani currency, superimposed with the stamp of the Bangla Desh Government.'' "What will the economy of Bangla Desh be like?" "Don't you know that Bangla Desh Is very rich? Did you not read The Economist, which said the only way the Bangla Desh economy could go was 'Up, and Up" I was tempted to ask what he proposed to do about the millions of landless labourers, the millions of unemploy ed and the millions of starving people in that fabulously rich country? Pakistan had devised a system of robbing them and was Bangla Desh going to use that same economic system? But I did not embarrass him.

DAR-ES-SALAAM- Guinean Revelations

armed for a period of trial. Two. months ago a panicky decision was taken to buy maize from Rhodesia under harsh conditions to build up reserves

DAR-ES-SALAAM- The Struggle in Mozambique

October 9, 1971 DAR-ES-SALAAM The Struggle in Mozambique A K Essack IT was on September 25, 1984, that FRELIMO (Mozambique Liberation Front) militants launched their armed struggle by simultaneously attacking Portuguese strongholds all over Mozambique, and guerilla warfare took root. Samora Machel, President of FRELIMO, in his commemorative message celebrating the seventh year of the struggle has said, "A year is ending when our struggle has been consolidated and expanded. With the seventh year our certainty of victory grew and with it the confidence of our political line". And revealing the successes, as well as the tasks and problems ahead he continued, "Three provinces are at war but six others are not. More than a million Mozambicans are living in freedom but another seven million are enslaved. About a quarter of the territory is free but three-quarters has still to be liberated. The schools, the cooperatives, the hospitals, everything which has been created and growing in our country was because of the 25th September .... but there are many unresolved problems in the liberated area. The medical care is not sufficient; the number of schools is far from meeting our needs and production still falls short. We feel that there are shortcomings in our political work".

DAR-ES-SALAAM- Ideological Growth of TANU

September 11, 1971 DAR-ES-SALAAM Ideological Growth of TANU A K Essack IT is said that where there is no vision, a people perish. And whose task is it to provide this vision but the most conscious of its people grouped together in vanguard parties. The people of Tanganyika needed such a party and the Tanganyika African National Union (TANU) arose to fulfil just this historical role when it was formed in 1054 with Julius Nyerere as its President.

DAR-ES-SALAAM-Behind the Dialogue Move

the Planning Minister, goes on, the long-delayed notification on the functions of the Planning Commission, which was supposed to restore to the Com- mission its status and clear the confusion on this score, was issued late last week. Together with the notification, the appointment of two Members to the Commission was also announced as part of the instalment plan for reconstitution of the Commission, How many more weeks will pass before the Commission will be fully constituted it is difficult to say. But the notification on the functions of the Planning Commission in no way clears the confusion. The Commission has been placed directly under the charge of the Prime Minister's Secretariat. This suggests a further change compared to the past position. What ex actly this signifies is difficult to guees and is left unexplained.

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