ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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PUNJAB- Farmers Agitation Response to Development Crisis of Agriculture

PUNJAB Farmers' Agitation Response to Development Crisis of Agriculture Sucha Singh Gill K C Singhal PUNJAB has a strong tradition of organised peasant movements. Peasants have successfully fought many agitations and produced many mature leaders at various times. The peasant movement in Punjab has had strong links with the peasant movement at the national level on one hand and the democratic movement on the Other. Historically the peasant movement developed as a part of the national independence struggle. In the canal colonies agitation of 1907, Punjab peasantry was mobilised by leaders of the stature of Sardar Ajit Singh, an uncle of Sardar Bhagat Singh. Again in 1924 Punjab peasants successfully fought an agitation against the water rate. The Kisan Sabha movement in 1930s mobilised the peasantry on the issues of water rate and land revenue. Many freedom fighters found it useful to work among peasants, mobilise them on their problems and integrate peasant struggles with the national independence movement. Going by the numerical strength and militarft tradition, diverse elements came to be active among the peasants, some working with a nationalist perspective and others with a narrow perspective of attaining political power. The Unionist Party came to represent the latter trend.

The Punjab Problem Its Historical Roots

Its Historical Roots Sucha Singh Gill K C Singhal The current phase of violence which has engulfed the entire Punjab not only testifies to the failure of the administration to check the deterioration of law and order but also underscores the consequences of Central governments adoption of a policy of drift. The authors argue that what was essentially a historically necessary demand for restructuring Centre-state relations has been allowed, to develop into a divisive communal issue. Their contention is that the Punjab problem has resulted from a combination of socio-economic and political factors and therefore to understand its complexities it is necessary to study the economic changes along with the forces in the superstructure. Only thus can class-based organisations wrest the initiative.
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