ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Misleading Heading

Our article, “Common but Differentiated Responsibilities among Non-Annex I Countries” (EPW, 10 November 2012) was published under a changed heading “A New Framework for UNFCCC” which is misleading. The suggested framework is consistent with the existing United Nations Framework Convention on...

Common but Differentiated Responsibilities among Non-Annex I Countries of UNFCCC

The web version of this article corrects a few errors that appeared in the print edition. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change has classified countries into two groups: Annex I countries and Non-Annex I countries for the purpose of taking on Common but Differentiated Responsibilities. While the ACs have not quite led the efforts in combating climate change, the world has started looking for a different negotiation framework. Though the role of ACs is paramount, this paper suggests a new framework that defines CBDR among NACs, consistent with UNFCCC principles. The framework suggested here covers per capita emissions, total emissions and carbon dioxide intensity.

Cooking with Biofuels

The use of biofuels in rural households of developing countries generates indoor air pollution that imposes health risks, especially for those actively involved in cooking. This study examines risk factors for respiratory symptoms for rural women on the basis of comprehensive data on socio-economic variables, smoking habits, characteristics of the kitchen, cooking practices, fuel used, health symptoms, etc, from a very large number of sample households in three north Indian states, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Himachal Pradesh. The study points to a need for creating awareness on the issue in addition to making available more efficient stoves and clean fuels and highlighting the importance of proper ventilation in the cooking areas.

Making Maharashtra State Electricity Board Commercially Viable

Most state electricity boards (SEBs) are incurring large losses. Their nationwide total annual loss was estimated at Rs 10,684 crore in 1997-98. This has emerged as a major constraint on the reform of the power sector. A case study of the Maharashtra State Electricity Board (MSEB) leads to the conclusion that tariff increase, capital restructuring and measures to improve technical performance and managerial efficiency can bring about a substantial improvement in the financial position of the MSEB.

Indoor Air Pollution: A Reflection on Gender Bias

Indoor Air Pollution: A Reflection on Gender Bias Jyoti Parikh Kirk Smith Vijay Laxmi Women and children below five years are among the most affected due to pollutants released during the burning of bio-fuels in traditional stoves. While there has been some attempt to reduce such exposure through the introduction of appropriately designed stoves, a better solution would be to redesign the petroleum policy such that kerosene is easily available to people at affordable prices. This would not only ease the pressure on forests and other bio-fuel resources but also have a positive effect on the health of women and children.

North-South Issues for Climate Change

The debate on climate change acquires a different dimension when the disparities between regions is considered in terms of responsibilities for emissions and concentrations and vulnerability to the effects brought on by climate change. This article reflects on North-South issues surrounding the climate change debate. The author also highlights certain issues which are difficult to address in conventional cost-benefit analysis.
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