ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Julien-Francois GerberSubscribe to Julien-Francois Gerber

An Overview of Resistance against Industrial Tree Plantations in the Global South

Industrial tree plantations for wood, palm oil and rubber are generating an increasing number of confl icts between companies and local populations. Relying on a wide-ranging literature review, this article analyses the alleged impacts of such plantations, the protesters involved, and the modalities of the confl icts. It finds that the prominent cause of resistance is related to corporate control over land resulting in displacement and the end of local uses of ecosystem resources. Resistance includes the "weapons of the weak" and ranges from dialogue to direct confrontation. Authorities have responded by repression in half of the cases reported, while popular struggles have been successful in about one-fi fth. These movements can be understood as forms of the "environmentalism of the poor".
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