ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles By Judy Whitehead

John Locke and the Governance of India's Landscape: The Category of Wasteland in Colonial Revenue and Forest Legislation

The influence of John Locke's theory of property on the policies governing India's landscape is examined in this paper. Locke's concept of wasteland, as opposed to value-producing land, constituted a founding binary opposition that constructed how landscapes were categorised. The period under study covers the Permanent Settlement (1793), the Ryotwari Settlement of Bombay, and the India Forest Acts (1865 and 1878). It is shown as to how the categories of waste and productive land were applied to groups supposedly attached to different landscapes, i e, "tribes" and "castes". Associated with wildness, wilderness, and savagery in the 19th century, the category of wasteland also defined who would and who would not become most vulnerable to dispossession and/or enclosure.

Revanchism in Mumbai? Political Economy of Rent Gaps and Urban Restructuring in a Global City

The political economy of rent gaps emerging from the "highest and best use" of land in Mumbai has led to a spatial restructuring of the city. Manufacturing units are increasingly relocated to the suburbs and the working classes and the poor cleansed from the high-end business and financial districts as the state is increasingly subordinate to the economy in the liberalisation era.