ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Jozsef BoroczSubscribe to Jozsef Borocz

Elections in Hungary

Viktor Orbán's re-election as prime minister in Hungary's elections held in April 2014 was made possible due to a variety of factors - the illegitimacy of the "liberal" opposition, change in voting rules and the general scepticism against the electoral process in Hungary among others. His new government may find that it has quite a different country to run this time: overall more sceptical and less responsive to empty gestures or political manoeuvring.

Hungary in the European Union

In 1989, Hungary was seen as the most market-ready economy in eastern Europe. In terms of its per capita GDP, however, Hungary is yet to catch up to state socialist levels even after two decades, despite incorporation into the European Union and sharply increased global and European trade flows. The privatisation of the erstwhile socialist state’s property and the dominance of western Europe-based capital in assembly plant manufacturing has meant high import content for exports and weak wage and subcontracting effects for the local economy.

Redistributing Global Inequality

The United Nations proclaimed the period 1997-2006 as the 'First United Nations Decade for the Eradication of Poverty'. The 1995 UN resolution recognised the existence of global inequalities that have deepened over time and assigned different tasks to donor (wealthy) nations and developing countries to ensure a greater equity among nations. This article focuses on the fiscal feasibility of a plan for global inequality reduction, a project that can be defined as a large-scale historic social process of social change aiming to diminish 'oligarchic wealth' in favour of a less extremely unbalanced structure of distribution, that is, 'democratic wealth'. The project proposes global collective action to reduce interstate inequality in per capita economic performance. A successful implementation of such a project would, however, require the construction of social and political institutions leading to political action by a majority of humankind.

Hungary: Ambivalent Resistance to EU

In Hungary, the end of state socialism was administered by a new, conglomerate political elite, made up of the younger and most reform-minded members of the state-socialist political leadership along with small, highly intertwined informal networks of politically active liberal and nationalist intellectuals. Seeking full membership in the European Union was probably the only policy principle upon which all members of the post-state-socialist political elite agreed initially. The only audible opposition to the country's EU-membership today comes from the right and for all the wrong reasons. Social and environmental considerations, whether domestic or global, are completely absent from this ambivalent, nationalist resistance to the EU.
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