ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Are Our Seas Up for Grabs?

Our marine fishing communities are once again restive about the possibility of a neo-liberal opening up of the seas to Indian and foreign industrial interests. Though the track record of industrial deep-sea fishing has been very poor compared to that of the traditional artisanal fleet, steps seem to be in the making to further encourage their involvement.

Securing the Future against Tsunamis

Could thousands of lives have been saved on December 26 on India's coasts if proper Coastal Regulation Zone plans had been implemented? If all fisherfolk were given housing sites on the landward side of coastal roads, if the many long-term coastal zone rehabilitation plans - including a revival of natural barriers such as mangroves, wind breaker trees, sea safety signalling systems and community disaster training - had been in place, would the death toll have been less?

Icelandic Fisheries Governance

Today Icelandic fisheries are the most productive in the world. The country's historic efforts at gaining sovereignty over its fishery resources and the governance structures it has instituted highlights the need to move from an open access regime, with possession rights only, to a regime of explicitly recognised property rights. Recent attempts at conservation of fishery resources through privatisation has led to dominance of foreign firms threatening the country's fishery sovereignty.

Income Spreading Mechanisms in Common Property Resource-Karanila System in Kerala s Fishery

Common Property Resource Karanila System in Kerala's Fishery John Kurien A J Vijayan An important feature of small-scale fishing communities in developing countries is community-evolved mechanisms to ensure that the resources, livelihood opportunities and revenues from the common property fishery are spread as widely as possible in the whole community. This article examines the case of an income spreading mechanism which has been practised in the coastal encircling net fishery of Kerala for about half a century. It shows how a combination of inappropriate technology choices coming in the wake of free market policies, and a now increasingly common pattern of state patronage of rural producers, often combine to create open access conditions in common property resources and thus put eminently desirable communitarian systems of sharing and caring under great strain.

Impact of Joint Ventures on Fish Economy

Impact of Joint Ventures on Fish Economy John Kurien To permit the government's new policy on joint ventures in fisheries to proceed tantamounts to allowing a handful of bureaucrats and politicians to usurp the custodianship role of the state and trade the inter- generational heritage of our marine resources to parties who are openly interested only in short-run profits.

Overfishing along Kerala Coast-Causes and Consequences

Causes and Consequences John Kurien T R Thankappan Achari In Kerala the initial approach to fisheries development based on raising the productive capacity of existing facilities by developing artisanal fishing relying on traditional methods gave way by the mid-sixties to the 'modernisation growth-oriented model' which saw the traditional base of fishing as a hindrance and sought to introduce specialised capital-intensive techniques. Artisanal fishermen adversely affected by this responded at two levels- organised protest against destructive fishing and the adoption of new technology to enhance their declining harvest. The result has been the ruinous overuse of a common property resource. This paper examines the combination of economic, technological and social factors operating in a specific context that has led to this overuse and highlights the deleterious consequences of this to the marine ecosystem and concludes with suggestions for resolving the crisis.

Credit and Indebtedness among Fishermen

Technology, Credit and Indebtedness in Marine Fishing: A Case Study of Three Villages in South India by Jean-Philippe Platteau, Jose Murickan and Etienne Delbar; Hindustan Publishing Corporation, New Delhi, 1985;

Technical Assistance Projects and Socio-Economic Change-Norwegian Intervention in Kerala s Fisheries Development

Socio-Economic Change Norwegian Intervention in Kerala's Fisheries Development John Kurien This paper analyses the impact of a technical assistance project on the socio-economic fabric of Kerala's fish economy. The paper is organised into three sections.

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