ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Water System Management

water System Management Jayanta Bandyopadhyay for narrowing the focus of watershed development. The third, and the last section, is on interpreting community roles and initiatives. The frst two chapters deal with two For some parts of south Asia, water has remained as a major obstacle to human advancement since long. In the eastern parts, as in Bangladesh and eastern India, annual monsoonal inundations have been seen as flood

Water Systems Management in South Asia

Given its population density and poverty, on the one hand, and rapid urbanisation and industrialisation, on the other, south Asia seems to be facing an incipient water crisis not due to water shortage but intergovernmental conflicts. The knowledge base needed to research water systems management and deal with these conflicts has been neglected by countries in the region and only a trans-disciplinary approach, including the engineering and medical sciences along with social, political and economic expertise, will help in poverty alleviation and development.

Interlinking of Rivers in India

The present form of the river interlinking proposal, made by the National Water Development Agency, has been hailed as a 'must' for the country by many politicians. This paper critically examines the assumptions behind and the main justifications extended for the project. The paper disagrees with the concept that river basins can be mechanically divided as 'surplus' or 'deficit' ones, and views the proposed interlinking as an extremely cost-ineffective measure for the expansion of a rather inefficient traditional irrigation process. Thus, in the event of the mega-project being taken up as it is, it will lead to sub-optimal use of the water resources of the country through a huge and unwise investment. The official justifications for the proposed interlinking of rivers are not found to be backed by any scientific reasoning.

Chipko Movement: Of Floated Myths and Flouted Realities

On the 25th anniversary of the Chipko movement, this is a tribute to the courageous activists and men and women of determination who brought Chipko from a possible instrument of struggle to a trendsetting achievement. Also an examination of media created 'messages' to dispel some of the myths about the movement, in particular, the question was Chipko about economics or deep ecology and was it feminist.

Sustainability of Big Dams in Himalayas

Sustainability of Big Dams in Himalayas THE monsoon climate in south Asia has always encouraged ideas of storage of the abundant monsoon run off in the Himalayan rivers. From a purely hydrological point of view, storage and wider distribution of the great amount of water that flows in the Himalayan rivers during the monsoon provide an excellent solution to the ever increasing water demands from the drier plains of the Ganges-Brahmaputra basin. In the case of Asia, the projections indicate that in the year 2000, the amount of water demand will touch 22 per cent of the available water resources. This is the highest among all the continents |Biswas 19951. The situation in the GBB is surely one of the most acute within Asia. Large parts of the GBB. specially in India, are the location of highly productive irrigated agriculture and last growing industrial economics. They have generated large demand tor water and hydro-power. The Irrigation Commission (1972) of India has estimated that by the year 2000, the requirement of irrigation water in the Ganges basin would be about 200 BCM. The hydro- potential in the Indian parts of the Ganges and Brahmaputra basins is estimated at 45.635 MW at 60 per cent load factor [Narasimhan and Singh 1994|. In the case of Nepal, the economically exploitable potential at 50 per cent load factor has been estimated at 45,824 MW [ WECS 1992|. The domestic supplies in the number of urban areas scattered throughout the Ganges basin is fast proving difficult to maintain. For downstream country Bangladesh, the construction of storage dams in the Himalayan catchments of the Ganges basin is recommended as an ideal mechanism for the storage of monsoon Hows that can augment dry season flow at Farakka IChoudhury and Khan 1983).

Tehri Dam Challenge before NF Government

The Comptroller and Auditor General has cast serious doubt on the economic viability of the Tehri Dam project. There are also large gaps in the technical data forming the basis of the dam. It is ridiculous therefore to dismiss the opposition to the project as the work of "so-called environmentalists for completely putting a stop to development", as union minister Arif Mohammad Khan has sought to do.

Political Economy of Ecology Movements

Political Economy of Ecology Movements Jayanta Bandyopadhyay Vandana Shiva Development activity in India has proceeded on a resource-intensive path. It has seriously disrupted ecological stability of life support systems which has been maintained through centuries. Resource demands of the process have undermined the productive potential of natural resources and have created severe ecological instability It is in this context that ecology movements have emerged and are throwing up indicators to assess the impact of development process on natural resources, their uses and how the cost and benefits they carry are distributed among different societal groups. This paper attempts to systematise and provide a conceptual framework for understanding the development process and its structural features from the .ecological perspective.

Political Ecology of Drought and Water Scarcity-Need for an Ecological Water Resources Policy

While drought has been with us for centuries, the present water scarcity poses a wider and more serious problem to our socio-economic life. Solutions can be sought only on the basis of a comprehensive understanding of the ecological factors at the root of the problem. Drought has generally been associated exclusively with deviations in rainfall. In actual fact the current water scarcity is a result of our failure to ensure the stability of the water cycle in the course of implementing developmental programmes.

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