ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Inclusive Development? Migration, Governance and Social Change in Rural Bihar

Migration has been a trigger of change in rural Bihar, but despite some social progress, economic transformation remains slow. This paper examines the pattern of change over the last decade, and considers whether prospects for faster or more equitable development have improved and whether a model of development based on migration and consumption out of income transfers and remittances is sustainable.

A Leap across Time

This paper seeks to map the impact and changes in the traditional Indian economy by the forces of marketisation and monetisation. The authors conducted their studies in two villages of Bihar's Purnia district in the years 1971, 1981 and 1999. As the comparative study revealed, despite the decline in mechanisms of semi-feudalism and a rise in labour income corresponding to a decline in agricultural income; traditional forms of wage repayment as sharecropping continued. Ills of a previous decade such as high mortality, female illiteracy and poor health systems persisted, revealing not merely the inadequacy of existing social institutions but also an absence of much needed state support.

Incomes and Work among the Poor of Rural Bihar, 1971-81

Rural Bihar, 1971-81 Gerry Rodgers Janine Rodgers The Kosi area of north-east Bihar was viewed in the 1960s as an area with substantial potential for growth, because of flood control and the expansion of irrigation, and because of the potential for agricultural innovation.
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