ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Raw Material for Further Study

with imperialism, proceeded to consolidate their economic position. Indeed one of the most salient features of recent development was, according to the Soviet scholar, "the growth of monopoly with increased influence over the country's economics and politics in such a way that it inhibited capitalist development from below'' (p 213). So, India's economic development was unbalanced and the gap between the higher and the lower structures widened. Though Shirokov keeps hoping, against all evidence, (hat measures in favour of the national bourgeoisie will become. effective, he has to concede in the end that "the measures both projected and implemented will not introduce radical changes in the pattern of industrialisation typical of the preceding period''

Through Tolerant Western Eyes ...

defeated Russia in 1905. In fact Japan was already a great imperialist country; is had vast colonies (Korea, Taiwan, Manchuria,..) and had fought great world powers for many years and captured many lands during the Second World War. To suggest that its development occurred only in the last two decades (and by implication that it was another India or China before that period) is thus no more than a great triumph of the modern Goebbelsian information technology. No doubt Japan was devastated during the war, but so was Germany (both East and West) or Russia for that matter; its subsequent reconstruction can no more be considered a de novo development than that of West Europe or Russia. Now, having already been a developed country earlier, Japan's socio-institutional structures were such as to enable it unlike the ex-colonies (or ex-semi colonies), to assert and utilise any assistance for its own advantage rather than for that of the assister. The aid-givers too knew very well that it would be futile and suicidal to try to keep an already developed capitalistic country as a neo- colony (unlike an ex-colony pre-capitalist country like India, where the incipient capitalists in a semi-feudal structure can do no more than agree to profit- sharing as a junior partner). This is the meaning of the well known fact, for example, that Japan, although going in for large-scale foreign collaboration, spent 4 dollars in R and D for any technology for which it spent 1 dollar in technology import. If such a policy is not followed in India, it is not because of lack of money or of wisdom but because the necessary social force is lacking.

Poverty and Population Growth

Poverty and Population Growth Jai Nimbkar THIS is an important book on a subject of paramount concern in the world today. Into an atmosphere charged with something approaching panic, Gyan Chand brings a sensible analysis or the population problem.

Womanpower

Womanpower Jai Nimbkar The Educated Woman in Indian Society Today, a study carried out by the YWCA of India; Tata McGraw-Hill, Bombay; pp 287. THIS is a book that grew out of the special number on Women of the organ of the YWCA of India called Today. Including the general editor, Muriel Wasi, the book contains articles by fifteen contributors, men and women, who have special knowledge of some aspect of the problem. It claims to have been brought out not as an academic exercise, but "to provide some direction on how most effectively to utilise educated womanpower in the immediate future". The book is divided into two parts, part I containing factual information, and part II indicating trends and suggesting a plan for the future.
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