ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Colonial Ethnography of the Kandha-White Man s Burden or Political Expediency

'White Man's Burden' or Political Expediency? Jaganath Pathy The Kandha of Orissa have been enshrined in (he ethnographic literature as practitioners of human sacrifice and female infanticide in the past, and the British are credited with suppressing these 'cruel customs'. A re-examination of the colonial sources exposes the fact that ethnographic reports were designed to justify the brutal repression of the indigenous people's fierce resistance struggle against colonial invasion and oppression.

Imperialism, Anthropology and the Third World

Third World Jaganath Pathy The discipline of anthropology had its origin in the colonial milieu. It was meant to meet the political and administrative problems which the colonial nd, later, the imperial forces faced in the process of expansion and consolidation of their domains.

Population and Development

Jaganath Pathy In the past 20 years or so, rapid growth of population in the third world countries has become a matter of increasing concern for social scientists at home and abroad. Most, if not all, of them consider the present trend in population increase to be a dreadful menace to the future development of the third world. They argue that the rapidly rising population eats up the few fruits of development, and consequently minimises the saving and investment potential of the already 'overpopulated' third world.

Social Stratification in an Orissa Village

examined by a number of Marxist scholars in recent years.1 Asbok Rudra and his colleagues led the way in India by approaching this issue with rich quantitative material, and concluded that capitalist farming had not appeared in Indian agriculture.2 Their findings have provoked several others. Rudra has been attacked for being a- historical, classifying fanners as capitalist and non-capitalist, instead of locating the trends in terms of capitalistic features.3 Nevertheless, Rudra's findings do find considerable support in the literature.4 The present paper seeks to consider the above controversy in the light of material from an Orissa village, collected as part of a larger study of political structure, at both macro and micro levels, during 1974-75. Recognising the inadequacy of the village as a unit for analysing agrarian relations,5 our analysis often extends beyond the village. Further, the data tend to be qualitative, precluding rigorous statistical operations.
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