ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

J C SandesaraSubscribe to J C Sandesara

Restrictive Trade Practices in India, 1969-91-Experience of Control and Agenda for Further Work

This paper evaluates the experience of control of restrictive trade practices (RTP) in India by the Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices (MRTP) Commission under the MRTP Act, 1969. This experience is examined by a statistical analysis of RTP inquiries instituted and disposed of by the commission since the enactment of this legislation till 1991 to which the latest published information relates. Based on this evaluation, as a second objective, the paper also presents an agenda for further work in this area.

Modern Small Industry, 1972 and 1987-88-Aspects of Growth and Structural Change

Using the massive data made available in the report of the second census of modern small industrial units along with data from the first census, this paper attempts to highlight some aspects of growth and structural change in modern small industry over the 15-year period between 1972 and 1987-88, the reference years of the two censuses. The focus is on growth and size, structural change, closures and impact of the policy of reservation. The paper concludes with a discussion of the explanations for and implications of some of the more significant findings.

D T Lakdawala

D T Lakdawala J C Sandesara BORN in Surat in 1916, Dhansukhlal Iblsidas Lakdawala passed away at about mid-night or April 15, following a massive heart attack, while travelling by train from Ahmedabad to Bombay.

New Small Enterprise Policy-Implications and Prospects

Implications and Prospects J C Sandesara This paper examines the new small enterprise policy (NSEP) that has been tabled in parliament and concludes that, by and large, the NSEP is founded on a proper understanding of the fundamental problems of small-scale production and that the measures it proposes are well-directed to mitigate the handicaps that face this sector. The NSEP is also seen to be consistent with the other liberalisation policies that have recently been announced.

New Industrial Policy-Questions of Efficient Growth and Social Objectives

Questions of Efficient Growth and Social Objectives J C Sandesara India's industrial policy and planning have had a mix of economic and social objectives. The economic objective is growth and the social objectives have been located in the sphere of encouragement of small industry, promotion of regional balance, prevention of concentration, etc What is there in the New Industrial Policy Statement to further these social objectives? Arising out of the response to this question is a supplementary question: How otherwise are the social objectives proposed to be promoted?

Search for an Employment-Oriented Growth Strategy-A Discussion

Search for an Employment-Oriented Growth Strategy A Discussion A notable feature of the debate on the Eighth Five-Year Plan has been the concern over the deceleration in the growth of employment in recent years and the quest for an employment-oriented growth strategy. The articles that follow make up a discussion of this theme. All the articles, with the exception of the one by J C Sandesara which critically reviews a draft of the Planning Commission's Approach Paper' on Eighth Plan, are responses to the Economic Advisory Council's Interim Report titled Towards Evolving an Employment-Oriented Strategy for Development in the 1990s'.

Assisting Small Businesses

Assisting Small Businesses J C Sandesara Seeking Solutions: Framework and Cases for Small Enterprise Development Programmes edited by Charles K Mann, Merilee S Grindle and Parker Shipton; Kumarian Press, Connecticut, USA, 1989; pp 434 + xiii.

Small-Scale Industrialisation The Indian-Experience

Small-Scale Industrialisation: The Indian Experience J C Sandesara This paper is a review of the Indian experience of promoting small-scale industry over the last four decades and is based on official reports and academic studies on the subject. The first part outlines the background of the Indian industrial system with special reference to small industry. The second part traces changes in the growth and diversity of small industry The third and the fourth parts present the rationale of policy and programmes and a resume of the main findings. An attempt is made in the fifth part to account for the significant findings and to highlight their implications. The sixth and final part deals with issues of policy and further research.

Technology Transfer to Small Industry

paragraph that the banks were advised to make efforts for prompt recoveries and ensure that the total amount of overdues as at end-December 1985 is not more than what it was at the end of 1983, etc, A lay reader would certainly like to know what it was, in terms of amount, at the end of 1983; other wise it will be difficult to appreciate the significance of the RBl's advice to banks. In contrast, the annual report expresses serious concern over the problem of over- dues (see paras 191 to 193). Why this difference as between two statutory reports on a problem of serious concern? The report could have given some details to indicate the nature of the problem. Interestingly, a good bit of useful information relating to over- dues becomes available by way of answers given in the parliament in reply to questions. Lastly, it is difficult to understand why the report on banking should be loaded with such monotonous narration (spread over 50 pages) of developments in co-operative banking. No doubt, the report oh banking will have to deal with developments in cooperative banking also, considering the fact that agricultural credit continues to be the responsibility of RBI even after NABARD has come into existence. However, this docs not justify the detailed narration of all the events in the area of co-operative banking- ranging from primary co-operative banks to the setting up of study teams/working groups by NABARD. These details become available in any case in NABARD's own reports and reviews relating to the cooperative movement. The report could have confined itself (as it has done in the case of other financial institution) to RBI assistance to agriculture and rural development and viewed in that framework the role of NABARD as the apex institution. In fact this part of the report would have been more useful if only it had thrown light on the multi-agency approach to rural credit and its experience and problems in such areas as coordination, monitoring, etc. The report could have drawn upon the analyses, studies and investigations of the RBTs own rural planning and credit department.

SMALL INDUSTRY- Employment Growth in Seventh Plan

SMALL INDUSTRY Employment Growth in Seventh Plan J C Sandesara WE examine here the statistics of employment coverage in the small industry sector in the Sixth and the Seventh Plans, and also the statistics of employment coverage and production of the Seventh Plan. We go exclusively by the data given in the Seventh Plan document. Our examination shows that the small industry sector is planned for a lower rate of growth of employment in the Seventh Plan

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