ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Indira RajaramanSubscribe to Indira Rajaraman

Understanding Capitalism

Understanding Capitalism Indira Rajaraman Global Capitalism and the Indian Economy by C T Kurian; Orient Longman, New Delhi, 1994; pp 127, Rs 45.

Presumptive Direct Taxation-Lessons from Experience in Developing Countries

Lessons from Experience in Developing Countries Indira Rajaraman Presumptive norms can be used either to generate estimated income actuals, or potential income in terms of what is possible with average effort This paper reviews their use in both forms as a base-broadening accretion to the structure of conventional income taxation in place in less developed countries. The paper covers both schemes that are not sector-specific, such as minimum asset-based taxes on corporate entities, as well as sector-specific levies on the hard- to-tax sectors of agriculture, small business, and self-employed professionals. The purpose of the exercise is to extract lessons in terms of both design and administration for India, which is engaged in a process of seeking sustainable fiscal correction as a part of the stabilisation and reform process begun in mid-1991.

PERSPECTIVES

Writing about Hindu-Muslim Riots in India Today Gyanendra Pandey The dominant nationalist historiography that insists on the totalising standpoint of a seamless nationalism needs to be challenged not only because of its interested use of categories such as 'national' and 'secular' but also because of its privileging of the so-called 'general' over the particular, the larger over the smaller, the 'mainstream' over the 'marginal

Textile Exports to Non-Quota Markets-Impact of Real Exchange Rate Movements

Impact of Real Exchange Rate Movements Indira Rajaraman This paper reports some results of a larger study of the extent to which Indian export performance in the major OECD destinations by market share at disaggregated product level, relative to that of other exporters in the same arena, can be explained by the relative competitiveness of Indian exports as measured by real bilateral rarest of exchange of the Indian rupee vis-a-vis the currencies of fellow exporters. The study covers the period 1974-87. This paper focuses on textile and garment exports to Japan and Australia, the major non-quota OECD ma. kets for India.

Economics of Modern Trade Warfare

had adequate and assured irrigation water supplies, fertile, alluvial soils, dynamic, hardworking farmers and well developed physical and social infrastructures. Although the Punjab took an early lead in the revolution and the increase in productivity associated with the green revolution was the maximum in it, the revolution extended also to the irrigated areas of Haryana, western UP and the three canal irrigated districts of western Rajasthan. During the late 1970s and the 1980s, it has spread (and is still spreading) further east to pockets with adequate and assured irrigation, in eastern UP, Bihar and West Bengal, and south into Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh. It is the result of the complex of factors mentioned above.

The Urban Labour Market

mental destruction. The field experience of voluntary groups confirms that eradication of poverty in a country like India is simply not possible without the rational management of our environment and that conversely environmental destruction will only intensify poverty. Environmental destruction goes hand in hand with social injustice. .. The rich are small in proportion but they consume a very large proportion of the world's resources and seem to be steadily increasing their share. This group is no longer living on the resources of its ecosystem and depends on an extraordinarily extensive use of the world's natural resources. ... The rich destroy the environment not- only by their own consumption but also by forcing the poor into a situation where they survive only by overexploiting their environment." The Urban Labour Market Indira Rajaraman Employment Problems and the Urban Labour Market in Developing Nations by Subbiah Kannappan; University of Michigan.

Labour Productivity in Indian Agriculture

Labour Productivity in Indian Agriculture Indira Rajaraman IN their paper 'Labour Productivity in May 1983), G S Bhalla and Y K Alagh (B-A) report findings from a study of 281 districts in 16 states, in the time-periods 1962-65 and 1970-73. This note is a response to two findings reported in the paper. One is that productivity per male worker declined between the two time-periods in the set of districts taken as a whole; the other, that there was a labour suction mechanism making for a higher growth of workforce in districts where output grew faster. These will be taken in turn in the two sections that follow; the third section comments on the regression exercises performed by the authors.

Economics of Bride Price and Dowry

Economics of Bride Price and Dowry Indira Rajaraman THE discuss on on my paper "Economics of Bride Price and Dowry" (February 8) by Sambrani-Sambrani (S-S) and Aziz (April 9) and P Radha- krishnan and Vasavi (June 4) was disappointing. The authors criticise not what I said, but what they think I said; the gap between the two is astonishingly wide. I am left therefore with the tedious but necessary task of having to quote myself at length in response.

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