ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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E M S Namboodiripad Revolutionary Intellectual

EMS was a special type of a thinker - an organic intellectual who combined theory and practice. His intellectual pursuits were closely linked to the organisational and agitational tasks of the radical movement Two major initiatives of EMS during the last decade of his life were the International Congress on Kerala Studies and the ongoing People's Campaign for Ninth Plan. Both showed an ever- alert mind open to new ideas and searching for new solutions. The People's Campaign, the last battle of EMS to set a new agenda for the Left in carrying democratisation to the farthest grass roots, will be a fitting tribute to this great visionary of India.

Disability-Adjusted Life Year as a Guide-for Health Policy

for Health Policy V N Kothari I S Gulati The question of efficiency in public health expenditure is lately attracting considerable attention at the hands of health economists. The World Bank's World Development Report, 1993 advocates measuring the burden of disease in units known as disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). This paper discusses the limitations of the concept and tries to bring out the implications of adopting DALY as a policy guide in the pursuit of health care objectives, particularly in a developing country such as India.

Population Aging

I S Gulati The Elderly in India by Kumudini Dandekar; Sage Publications, New Delhi, 1996; KUMUDINI DANDEKARS book, as its title makes clear, is about the aged in India, though the field work she uses to supplement her analysis of national level data available from secondary sources was done in Maharashtra, a state which very much resembles the average for India. Dandekar's study is not only extremely timely but also very relevant for policy purposes at the national level.

Social Security for Widows-Experience in Kerala

In practically all the states there have been in existence schemes addressing the destitute old and widows since the early 1960s. During the 1980s several states extended social security arrangements to physically and mentally handicapped persons and to agricultural workers, Kerala is one of these states. This paper discusses these schemes in Kerala from the standpoint of the social security they provide to widows in the state.

Pooling of Central Taxes for Devolution

Pooling of Central Taxes for Devolution The pooling of central taxes for devolution to the states, as recommended by the Tenth Finance Commission under its 'alternative scheme

Financial Devolution to Local Bodies-Role of State Finance Commissions

Role of State Finance Commissions I S Gulati That functionaI decentralisation will remain on paper if a corresponding financial devolution is not made will be generally accepted. The task of the proposed state finance commissions is to make sure that given the allocation of functions and responsibilities by a state government to its local bodies, matching financial powers or funds are put at their disposal and that too without too many constricting conditions.

Tackling the Growing Burden of Public Debt

This paper deals principally with some questions concerning the growing burden of internal public debt in India. These questions that have lately been raised with a stridency not noticed before focus on reducing the fiscal deficit, a term that hardly ever figured in the lexicon of fiscal policy in India, but which has all the same to be taken note of THERE is no gainsaying that public debt in India has grown rather rapidly in recent years. During the 80s the combined debt of the central and state governments grew at the rate of 18 per cent per annum as against the GDP growth rate of 14 per cent (both in current prices), with the result that the ratio of public debt to GDP which was already quite high,1 increased substantially, from 50 per cent in 1980-81 to 75 per cent in 1990-91.2 Thus an additional 2.5 per cent of GDP was added on to our public debt every year during the 80s. During this period both internal and external public debt increased rather fast, but the increase in internal public debt was faster. Between 1980-81 and 1990-91, the increase in the internal public debt was almost six times (5.84) as against that in the external public debt of almost five times (4.92).5 True, the magnitude and growth of a country's public external debt could legitimately cause concern. But the source of concern, namely, the pressure debt servicing creates for the balance of payments with respect to a country's public external debt, and that relating to the magnitude and growth of the overall external debt of a country are mostly the same. According to the estimates of a recent RBI task force, the total external debt of the country grew from Rs 19.5 thousand crore. in 1980-81 to Rs 123 thousand crore in 1990-91, i e, by 6.31 times, while its public debt component, as already noted, increased by 5.84 times, i e, at a somewhat slower pace.4 The non-public debt component of the country's external debt has, obviously, been rising even faster In 1980-81 the public debt component was as high as 70 per cent in the total external debt, but, it would have come down to 55 per cent by the end of the year 1992-93.

Export Expansion and Economic Stagnation in Colonial India

Export Expansion and Economic Stagnation in Colonial India I S Gulati Colonies and the Empire: India 1890-1919 by Sunanda Sen; Orient Longman, Calcutta, 1992; pp x + 227, Rs 150.

Reducing the Fiscal Deficit-Soft and Hard Options.pdf

Reducing the Fiscal Deficit Soft and Hard Options I S Gulati If the objective seriously is to reduce government dissaving and cut deficit financing then the budget-makers cannot get away by setting their sights only on the fiscal deficit without specifying how the targeted reduction in the fiscal deficit is to be achieved.

Eighth Finance Commission s Award-Lessons We Can Now Draw

What it is that a Finance Commission ought to be principally aiming at? If the commission feels obliged to take as given the revenues and non-plan expenditures the centre and the states are 'committed3 to raise or incur, it is only natural that a few states will have non-plan surpluses while a large majority will have deficits. Also, this approach perpetuates a system under which there is inducement to raise a minimum of revenues and enter into a maximum of non-plan expenditure commitments.

Decentralised Planning Loopholes that Remain

Decentralised Planning: Loopholes that Remain I S Gulati THE high-powered committee headed by GVK Rao on "Administrative Arrangements for Rural Development and Poverty Alleviation Programmes" has submitted its report1 to the Planning Commission. The report is bound to become a major work of reference on the subject of not just administrative decentralisation but decentralisation in general. It bears, in several respects, a clear stamp of political vision combined with an understanding of administrative issues, so rare to come across these days. But there are aspects of the com- mitee's recommendations which could be quite debatable.

Central Inroads into State Subjects-An Analysis of Economic Services

Central Inroads into State Subjects An Analysis of Economic Services K K George I S Gulati One of the important features of a federal constitution is the division of powers and responsibilities between the Centre and the states.

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