ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Harold A GouldSubscribe to Harold A Gould

Witness to History

Trumpets and Tumults: The Memoirs of a Peacekeeper by Major General Inderjit Rikhye; Manohar, Delhi, 2002; pp 266, Rs 500.

US Policy on Iraq

The failure of America's Iraq policy vividly illustrates the limitations of gunboat diplomacy.

General Elections, 1996 Karnataka-Decline and Fall of the Congress Machine

General Elections, 1996: Karnataka Decline and Fall of the Congress Machine Harold A Gould The Janata Dal's success in replacing the Congress machine in Karnataka can be attributed in part to the ability of the party's leadership to curb their factional proclivities sufficiently to enable them to work together and extend the scope of the grass roots political apparatus. Partly it can be attributed to the party leadership's ability to accurately perceive the class alignments taking place in the state and elsewhere in response to rapid economic change and the accompanying media revolution, and to factor a combination of 'caste thesis' and 'class thesis' into their political calculations. [First of series of studies of the 11th General Elections.] THROUGHOUT the Nehru era and most of Indira Gandhi's prime ministership, from 1952 until 1983, Karnataka was one of the Congress Party's most steadfast bastions of power. During this 21-year period, regardless of what was happening elsewhere in the country, the Congress lost neither a parliamentary nor a provincial assembly ejection there. Commencing with the 1983 Vidhan Sabha election, however, cracks began to appear in the party machine's armour. The Congress for the first time lost control of the provincial government when a coalition led by the Janata Party gained a slim majority and installed Ramkrishna Hcgde as Karnataka's first non-Congress chief minister. Soon-to-be-assassinated prime minister Indira Gandhi's heavy-handed tactics of fomenting intra-party conflict in order to undermine grass roots power systems that purportedly impeded the central control over provincial governments, finally came home to roost in Karnataka as it already had in several other Indian provinces. The Janata Party followed up their success with an even more decisive victory in 1985 when they won enough seats (137) to form a majority in their own right. This despite the sympathy wave following his mother's assassination (on October 31, 1984) which a year earlier had propelled Rajiv Gandhi to power at the centre and enabled Congress to win the lion's share of Karnataka's parliamentary seats 24 of 28 in the eighth general election.

Bill Clinton s Moribund South Asia Policy

Harold A Gould The United States' south Asia policy of favouring Pakistan embodies the flaws and misconceptions inherent in the doctrine of containment. Driven by obsessive fears of the spread of Soviet and Chinese military power and sponsored domestic revolution, the US leadership made anti-communism the virtually exclusive criterion for determining a country's political value to US strategic interests. It ignored regional socio-historical realities of anti-colonialist nationalism and communalism and got enmeshed in the region's internal affairs as a partisan player. But succumbing, even in the post-cold war period, to the various parochial interests that profit from a perpetuation of the cold war subculture weakens America's chances of helping peace, prosperity and political stability in south Asia.

Politics of Agrarian Unrest in UP-Who Co-Opted Whom

Who Co-Opted Whom? Harold A Gould After World War I, the Indian National Congress changed from being an essentially middle-class political organisation concerned with constitutional reforms to a mass-based nationalist movement intent on lending colonial rule. For this it became necessary for the Congress to link itself with the agrarian movement The two separate strands of social upheaval

Local Government Roots of Contemporary Indian Politics

Local Government Roots of Contemporary Indian Politics Harold A Gould Recent studies of contemporary Indian politics consistently suggest that in style and structure it is a variety of what is called in the West 'interest group democracy.

Is the Modernity-Tradition Model All Bad

Harold A Gould There is a tendency today to denigrate the o'd dichotomy between tradition and modernity. It is necessary to treads cautiously here because there may be a danger of the baby being thrown away with the bath-water.

Toward a Jati Model for Indian Politics

Toward a 'Jati Model' for Indian Politics Harold A Gould The fact that development theories first emerged in the West led to what may he called a structural fallacy: that the details of modernisation as it occurred in the West are the functional requirements of modernisation everywhere. Recent research has begun to expose this fallacy in alt important domains of development theory. The broad structural features of the modernising process can be readily accommodated to, and indeed can be viably articulated through, a variety of indigenous, traditional social institutions.

New Proposals for Anthropologists-A Comment

growth in the use of these 10 kv cables was uniform throughout all these years or there was a steady increase or decrease in it. It is not clear why "export of PILC cables in which a beginning has been made cannot be sustained unless there is a basic demand from the home market". Or, is it because the world market for cables is competitive and the Indian cable industry is such a high-cost producer that a large home market is necessary to subsidise exports? In that case, exports can expand only by a corresponding increase in the home market without limits or by steady increase of prices charged to domestic consumers who are, of course, the near-bankrupt state electricity boards.

Changing Political Behaviour in Rural Indian Society

Rural Indian Society Harold A Gould What makes Indian politics so distinctive at the village level when compared with other societies which practise universal adult franchise is the incredibly elaborate social composition of the electorate. Where in other societies one finds a handful of socially diverse groups whom politicians must fit into their calculations, in India the number of such groups is usually formidable. This makes the job of political calculation that much more intricate and makes it that much more inevitable that Indian politicians will think in terms of ethnic variables when making their calculations.
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