ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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SINGAPORE-Asian Development Bank Meeting

SINGAPORE THERE is really less to write about the fourth annual conference of the Board of Governors of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), which concluded here on April 18, than about the poor performance of the Indian delegation to it, headed by the Finance Minister, Yeshwantrao Chavan. India is not a borrower at the Bank but is, on the other hand, the second largest subscriber to its funds. The Bank's funds from 21 Asian countries amount to US $ 624 million of which $ 93 million are subscribed by India. This was the first Indian delegation headed by a minister that, visited South-East Asia after the ejections, which have certainly brightened India's image abroad and raised hopes that the country will now be able to play a confident role in international affairs because it now has a stable government Bangla Desh developments have also made people abroad look up to India with the hope that it might play a role that would help the East Bengali people in their hour of suffering. Singapore reporters therefore had gone to the airport to meet the Finance Minister with enthusiastic questions : What was India going to do to help the people of Bangla Desh? Could it help in stopping the carnage there? What were India's own plans to remove poverty and unemployment? Chavan is well known abroad. People have read stories about his ability, political support and the likelihood of his becoming the next Prime Minister of India. But at the Singapore airport press conference he failed to answer questions. To some he mumbled answers and to others he did not reply at all. Whenever a question on an economic subject was asked, he looked to I G Patel, Secretary in his Ministry, who was accompanying him, for a reply.

RANGOON-On the Eve of Change

850 MPs at one's command. While due attention has to be paid to this facet of the problem, it will not do to overlook the fact that the States do have powers for economic growth which they are very far from utilising as fully as they can. It would be quite wrong for them to evade the problem of raising resources within the State either by passing the buck to the Centre or by relying on big business houses to bring capital, equipment and expertise. Any analysis of the working of the big business houses would reveal that they seldom bring in much while they always take out very much more than they bring in. What looks like a gain is more truly a part of the denuding process.

A Vote for Change

 A Vote for Change Harish Chandola THE mid-term election to the Lok Sabha was quite unlike past elections and was more like a referendum in which the people voted for or against the Prime Minister and her policy to change the present economic and social order, without bothering much about the individual candidates. In this, the people have overwhelmingly expressed themselves in favour of change.

SINGAPORE-Will China Desert

SINGAPORE Will China Desert? Harish Chandola COMMUNIST movements in South- East Asia are voicingconcern over the new foreign policy of China to establish diplomatic relations with a number of countries. They are afraid that China, by establishing diplomatic ties with countries of this region, might give up its support for the communist- led "liberation struggles" in the area.

Indian Trade Fairs

December 26, 1970 Indian Trade Fairs Harish Chandola THE recent Indian trade exhibition here served no purpose", was the comment of a member of the Secretariat of the Malaysian Prime Minister, Tun Abdul Razak, on the efforts of India to display the large variety of goods it manufactured, from giant casting aad radio-active isotopes to cheap "chap- pals" and "bins", in Kuala Lumpur. (India had held similar trade exhibitions in Jakarta and Singapore in July and September this year, respectively.) "Why did he think so?" His reply was that the Indian manufacturers of engineering goods displayed at the exhibition with a view to introducing them in the local market, had no sales or service organisation in Malaysia. How did the manufacturers, or the Government which arranged the display, expect the Malaysians to import items which could not be serviced and spare-parts for which could not be bought in the country?

MALAYSIA-Changes in Foreign Policy

MALAYSIA Changes in Foreign Policy Harish Chandola SINGAPORE: Important changes are taking place in Malaysian foreign policy since the new Prime Minister, Tun Razak, took office in September. The three spheres in which the changes are most noticeable are: Malaysian policy towards China; its changed attitude towards defence arrangements with Britain, Australia and New Zealand; and its increasingly closer relations with Indonesia.

SOUTH VIETNAM-Changed Pattern of War

November 28, 1970 SOUTH VIETNAM Changed Pattern of War Harish Chandola THE Vietnam war is winding down, but for the US troops only. While their casualty-rate has gone down substantially, that of the ARVN (Army of the Republic of Vietnam or the South Vietnamese forces) has gone up sharply, to over 700 killed or wounded a month. One reason for this is that the withdrawing US forces are turning over the fighting to the South Vietnamese forces, in accordance with the American policy of Vietnamisation of the War. But an even greater reason for the fall in US casualties is the changed attitude of the American soldiers who now feel certain that they are getting out of the country soon and do not want to get killed in the meantime. Instructions have been issued to the US forces from the top to keep casualties down. But how does one keep casualties down in the field at company and platoon level? To that no answer is provided from the top and those in the field interpret it as an order to keep out of the fighting.

PHNOM PENH- Urban-Rural Stalemate

transit facilities for Pakistan-bound Nepalese goods through Radhikapur, which they held was Nepal's natural right, and scientific demarcation of Nepal's southern boundary with "Imperialist India'. Road traffic and markets in Nepali territories from Dharau to Jogbani remained closed in the after- noon of November 7. At Biratnagar a "Ramailo Mela" or fun fare was closed three days ahead of schedule on a call given by the Rashtravadi Vidyarthi M and til.

RANGOON-Unrequited Overtures to China

RANGOON Unrequited Overtures to China Harish Chandola THE Burmese regime of Gen Ne Win is in an unenviable position at the moment. It is seeking reconciliation with China, after an estrangement of three years, and is eliminating the hurdles in the way, including its arms pact with the United States (it has indirectly announced that it is going to terminate its arms supply agreement with the US). The result of all this is that while it has not quite earned the trust of China (the Chinese are reported to be saying that if Gen Ne Win could sign a secret arms pact with the US once, he certainly could do it again), it has started creating suspicions in US and pro-US circles about its intentions.

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