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GUYANA- Where Race and Class Coincide

Where Race and Class Coincide THE air in Guyana is saturated with the sweet smell of molasses. Sugar refineries and their sister plants for the distillation of liquor form intricate pat- terns on the lush green of sugarcane plantations on the alluvial coastal soil 'of this country.

Vietnam War Becomes Secret

Vietnam War Becomes Secret Harish Chandola REPORTING the Vietnam war first hand is becoming increasingly difficult. The facilities given by the US Military Advisory Command, Vietnam (MACV), to correspondents accredited to it "are on the decrease. The major problem is about finding transport to visit battlefronts in the north. With fewer US ground troops there are fewer US troop transports flying from Saigon and other major military bases to the fronts. But on the other hand many more American-controlled troop transport planes are being flown these days to battlefronts by the Saigon Government which is constantly rushing soldiers to plug one breach after another in its defences made by the liberation forces.

GEORGETOWN-A Purposeful Conference

A Purposeful Conference Harish Chandola THE conference of foreign ministers of non-aligned nations held here from August 8 to 12, marks a radical departure in the nature of the non-align- td movement. A non-aligned meeting for the first time ignored the established practice of reaching decisions through consensus and took a united stand on the basis of the views of the overwhelming majority of members. Also for the first time, issues were brought to a head, even at the cost of a walkout by some members. Though it wus only a conference of foreign ministers, it reversed two important decisions taken by heads of government at the non-aligned summit at Lusaka in September 1970 : it accorded full membership status for the duration of the conference to the Provisional Revolutionary Government of South Vietnam (PRG), which only had 'observer' status at Lusaka, and allotted the Cambodian seat at the conference to Prince Sihanouk's Royal Government of National Union. The Lusaka summit had kept the Cambodian scat vacant b cause it was unable to decide whether to give it to Sihanouk's Government or to Marshal Lon Nol's regime in Phnom Penh. If the struggle of the people of South Africa and the process of decolonisation had dominated the summit at Lusaka, it was the situation in South- Hast Asia, particularly in Indochina, which emerged as the major subject of deliberation at Georgetown.

SINGAPORE-Selling the Concorde

foreigner to he so honoured by the Soviet leaders. This was Tito's tenth visit to the Soviet Union since the late Khrushchev came down to Belgrade in 1955 and apologised for Stalin's mistakes. Tito was 80 years of age on May 25 and the Russians flattered the old man not so much for himself but with their post- Tito interests in mind. The latest friendly exchanges between Tito and the Soviet leaders mark another phase in the love-hate relations between the two countries and the two communis parties since the end of the war. The present was certainly a kiss-and-make-up session, literally so because Radio Belgrade featured in its report "the kisses that the Soviet and Yugoslav leaders exchanged". "Magnificent, magnificent", Tito remarked on his return to Belgrade, while recounting the welcome given by the Russians.

SINGAPORE- Bangladesh s First Contacts with South-East Asia

ately, was vocal and insistent. The result was that the clause of participatory management was insetted in the proposal about nationalisation of educa- tion; nationalisation of agencies of distribution and exhibition of films as a first step towards the nationalisation of the film industry was altogether dropped; reference to nihilism and alienation was deleted and the sentence about the undesirability of a divorce between artistic creativity and national values was, at the instance of a preminent artist, substantially toned down to form part of a sentence that dealt with the excellence of artistic production.

SAIGON-Report from the Battlefront

Report from the Battlefront Harish Chandola IT will be naive to believe that the mining of North Vietnamese ports and the frenzied bombing of its road and rail links with China will turn the tide of the war in South Vietnam. Even if these acts are performed to perfection and succeed in stopping the How of military equipment to Vietnam (which really is an absolutely impossible task), how long will it take the stoppage of fresh supplies to affect the war? The US stopped bombing North Vietnam four years ago and it is common knowledge that during those four years military equipment has freely been flowing in. So even if the US manages to cut off fresh supplies, the stock of four years is already in the pipeline for the liberation struggle and it will be a long time before this is exhausted.

VIETNAM-Crumbling ARVN Abandons Countryside

 VIETNAM Crumbling ARVN Abandons Countryside SAIGON: The pivot of the "Vietnami- sation of the War" policy, the South Vietnamese Government soldier, does not appear to have the will to fight. This does sound unkind, but this is what I have witnessed on the battlefields in this country during the past fortnight and this is what must by now be the impression of those following the fate of this war in the newspapers.

SAIGON- Putting Paid to Vietnamisation

 Pakistan. In fact, a break-up of that unity might serve India's interests better for then it will have to reckon with a few small states to its west now that its eastern flunk has been secured by the emergence of an independent and friendly Bangladesh. The spectacle of an independent Sind or Pakhtoonistan need not worry us unduly. They may well be more friendly towards India. Sentiment apart, they, along with a still hostile Punjab, will be no more than peripheral states in terms of power equations in the subcontinent.

SINGAPORE- Casting Bread on Malacca Waters

 This was hardly 10 days before the notorious Patna convention. Pouring venom on the Union Government, Organiser's Special Correspondent had said in the intro: "Believe it or not, it is not the Bhutto Government alone that is raising a hue and cry about the fate of Pakistani collaborators known as Bihari Muslims in Bangladesh. For, even the Indira Government is advising the Mujib Government to accord generous treatment to these pro-Pakistani elements who have still great potential for trouble in that new State." Remembering the background and raison d'etre of his party, the Organising Secretary of the Bharatiya Jan Sangh said: "There should be no repatriation of non-Bengali Muslims of Bangladesh to India but individual cases of persons who might be wanting to come back to India could be considered on merit." THE Soviet Union must feel very dissatisfied with its latest diplomatic effort in the Far East and in South-East Asia, last month, to seek support for the Moscow-sponsored collective security system for Asia and for getting the Malacca Straits accepted as international waters free for all traffic, including the passage of naval ships. Perhaps not satisfied with the initiative of its diplomats stationed in South-East Asian countries in obtaining support of the governments in this regime for these proposals, Moscow last month sent a special envoy, L I Mendelvitch, on a whirlwind tour of the three littoral countries (Indonesia, Singapore and Malaysia) of the Malacca Straits. But even Mendelvitch received absolutely no support from the leaders of these three countries for the Soviet proposal for evolving a collective security system for Asia, which was first made by Brezhnev in 1969.

SINGAPORE-Salesgirl s Sojourn

Salesgirl's Sojourn Harish Chandola WHY has Queen Elizabeth of Britain just been on a strenuous and crowded three week visit to three South-East Asian countries (Thailand, Singapore and Malaysia)? The usual answer one; gets from British officials is that her visit is no different from the goodwill visits of other heads of .state to friendly countries.

THAILAND-Collaborator in the War

 THE Indochina war, particularly the air war, could not be continued at its present level without the enormous assistance Thailand provides the United States in its aggression against all the four Indochina states

SINGAPORE-Mirage of Neutral Southeast Asia

regime launched by the outlawed Nepali Congress of B P Koirala under the overall command of General Sub- arna Shamsher. Reports have it that the Chinese are now going to buiId another strategic road linking Mustang and Muktinath with Pokhara. Nepali bureaucrats do net fail to mention that Chinese aid is easier to manage; there is not the same bureaucratic red-tape that is associated with Indian aid.

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